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Best Cryptocurrency Multi-Exchange Trading and Portfolio Management Platforms Ranking 2020

Best Cryptocurrency Multi-Exchange Trading and Portfolio Management Platforms Ranking 2020
Trade on multiple exchanges from a single platform and avoid the hassle of multiple logins, different interfaces, constant tab changing and overall keeping track of balance holdings and trades.
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With more than 300 cryptocurrency exchanges today, most traders have to manage multiple exchange accounts.
The need for more than one account usually rises because of the variety of offered crypto currency pairs, market liquidity, having to diversify the risk of being hacked, as well as the different trading tools and terms each exchange offers.
Trading and keeping track of your portfolios on multiple exchanges is time consuming, inefficient and frustrating. Having to log on different platforms, use different interfaces, keeping track of multiple portfolios and all trading related activities become increasingly difficult with each new account.
It would be simple and easy if you could connect all those exchange accounts into a single multi-exchange platform which combines all the data in real time and provides a single interface to control all remote exchange accounts.

Multi-exchange platforms

A multi-exchange platform allows the traders to connect all their exchange accounts into a single account through the user of API keys generated from the account of each exchange.
Once all accounts are connected into a single one, using the exchanges interfaces becomes obsolete. The unified account will now track and combine all portfolios and traders will be able to track prices, order statuses and other data across all exchange accounts from a single interface.
In addition, most multi-exchange platforms provide various information tools such as news aggregators, sentiment tools, arbitrage matrix and price alerts.
With regards to API keys security, these platforms do not require withdrawal or deposit permissions which limits the possibility of fraud and loss of funds.
Finally, multi-exchange platforms do not typically charge additional trading fees and do not require lengthy verification procedures.

The current top platforms

Currently there are a handful of multi-exchange platforms with a variety of services. They range from a simple crypto portfolio tracker to an advanced trading and portfolio management platform. A detailed list of all major multi-exchange platforms and their features can be found here: www.AltXpert.com
Here is an overview of the top 9 multi-exchange trading and portfolio management platforms:

1. CryptoView

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CryptoView is a multi-exchange trading and portfolio management platform equipped with a handful of useful integrations such as various cryptocurrency trading tools, portfolio analytics, a multi-source news aggregator, crypto events calendar and an outstanding multi-charting interface allowing endless customizations. It is an all-in-one solution for traders, crypto enthusiasts and professional fund managers.
CryptoView is a fully functional trading platform allowing you to trade on all major cryptocurrency exchanges from a single secured interface.
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2. Bitsgap

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Bitsgap is an аll-in-one crypto trading platform designed to cover cross platform API trading and portfolio management with connection with most popular crypto exchanges and wallets. This multi-exchange cryptocurrency platform offers in addition to the full specter of trading tools the opportunity to use arbitrage trading on main and altcoins.
Integrated charts are powered by TradingView with all the provided drawing tools and technical indicators. Through API connection users can track and manage their entire portfolio at once.
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3. Conigy

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Coinigy is a web based multi-exchange API trading platform combining full scope of trading features such as: advanced trade orders, price alerts, market data overview, crypto news and integrated charts from TradingView. The platform offers connection to more than 25 crypto exchanges and wallets covering most of the main and altcoins.
Single portfolio management is one of the main features of this multi-exchange cryptocurrency platform. Portfolio management across multiple exchanges and wallets can be performed from one unified account.
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4. Quadency

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Quadency gives the opportunity to trade and manage an entire portfolio across multiple exchanges and trading platforms. By connecting API keys on existing accounts in exchanges and wallets, the users can execute advanced trading orders from one interface. All features combined in this solution makes it an all-in-one crypto trading platform for main and altcoins.
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5. Crypto Hopper

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Cryptohopperis a multi-exchange trading and automated trading bot platform for cryptocurrencies. It allows its users to automate trading strategies that will trade cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple and any other that supported exchanges offers.
Cryptohopperis designed to make traders more efficient by allowing them to copy other traders, automatically analyze the markets, manage all exchange accounts from one place and even use advanced tools like backtesting, market-making, and arbitrage.
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6. LCX Terminal

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LCX Terminal brings together real-time and full historical data of all major cryptocurrencies and trading pairs, smart automated and manual trading across all platforms, breaking news desk, social trading signals, powerful analytics and portfolio reporting — all combined in one platform. LCX Terminal cryptocurrency trading software is made for everyday traders as well as professional and institutional investors.
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7. Hyperlinq

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HyperLinq™ brings institutional-grade software with superior technology for digital assets and cryptocurrencies traders. Allows the users to track crypto assets on any major exchange or wallet through API connection. A simplified portfolio manager for cryptocurrencies and digital assets.
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8. Altrady

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Altrady is a comprehensive cryptocurrency trading platform. The platform provides full trading information such as price chart, order book, trade history, and depth chart.
It also offers immediate price alerts, portfolio manager, break-even calculator, and customizable trading pages by allowing traders to manipulate widgets to create preferred layout in order to trade comfortably, limit ladder order, gain quick access to market tabs, and integrated market scanners.
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9. Aurox

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Auroxis a trading terminal that enables traders to supercharge their returns. With its multi-exchange integrated workspaces, Aurox provides a better platform for portfolio management, leads to faster trades and higher results for cryptocurrency investors.
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submitted by altXpert to u/altXpert [link] [comments]

ETHE & GBTC (Grayscale) Frequently Asked Questions

It is no doubt Grayscale’s booming popularity as a mainstream investment has caused a lot of community hullabaloo lately. As such, I felt it was worth making a FAQ regarding the topic. I’m looking to update this as needed and of course am open to suggestions / adding any questions.
The goal is simply to have a thread we can link to anyone with questions on Grayscale and its products. Instead of explaining the same thing 3 times a day, shoot those posters over to this thread. My hope is that these questions are answered in a fairly simple and easy to understand manner. I think as the sub grows it will be a nice reference point for newcomers.
Disclaimer: I do NOT work for Grayscale and as such am basing all these answers on information that can be found on their website / reports. (Grayscale’s official FAQ can be found here). I also do NOT have a finance degree, I do NOT have a Series 6 / 7 / 140-whatever, and I do NOT work with investment products for my day job. I have an accounting background and work within the finance world so I have the general ‘business’ knowledge to put it all together, but this is all info determined in my best faith effort as a layman. The point being is this --- it is possible I may explain something wrong or missed the technical terms, and if that occurs I am more than happy to update anything that can be proven incorrect
Everything below will be in reference to ETHE but will apply to GBTC as well. If those two segregate in any way, I will note that accordingly.
What is Grayscale? 
Grayscale is the company that created the ETHE product. Their website is https://grayscale.co/
What is ETHE? 
ETHE is essentially a stock that intends to loosely track the price of ETH. It does so by having each ETHE be backed by a specific amount of ETH that is held on chain. Initially, the newly minted ETHE can only be purchased by institutions and accredited investors directly from Grayscale. Once a year has passed (6 months for GBTC) it can then be listed on the OTCQX Best Market exchange for secondary trading. Once listed on OTCQX, anyone investor can purchase at this point. Additional information on ETHE can be found here.
So ETHE is an ETF? 
No. For technical reasons beyond my personal understandings it is not labeled an ETF. I know it all flows back to the “Securities Act Rule 144”, but due to my limited knowledge on SEC regulations I don’t want to misspeak past that. If anyone is more knowledgeable on the subject I am happy to input their answer here.
How long has ETHE existed? 
ETHE was formed 12/14/2017. GBTC was formed 9/25/2013.
How is ETHE created? 
The trust will issue shares to “Authorized Participants” in groups of 100 shares (called baskets). Authorized Participants are the only persons that may place orders to create these baskets and they do it on behalf of the investor.
Source: Creation and Redemption of Shares section on page 39 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Note – The way their reports word this makes it sound like there is an army of authorizers doing the dirty work, but in reality there is only one Authorized Participant. At this moment the “Genesis” company is the sole Authorized Participant. Genesis is owned by the “Digital Currency Group, Inc.” which is the parent company of Grayscale as well. (And to really go down the rabbit hole it looks like DCG is the parent company of CoinDesk and is “backing 150+ companies across 30 countries, including Coinbase, Ripple, and Chainalysis.”)
Source: Digital Currency Group, Inc. informational section on page 77 of the “Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (BTC) Form 10-K (2019)” – Located Here
Source: Barry E. Silbert informational section on page 75 of the “Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (BTC) Form 10-K (2019)” – Located Here
How does Grayscale acquire the ETH to collateralize the ETHE product? 
An Investor may acquire ETHE by paying in cash or exchanging ETH already owned.
Source: Creation and Redemption of Shares section on page 40 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Where does Grayscale store their ETH? Does it have a specific wallet address we can follow? 
ETH is stored with Coinbase Custody Trust Company, LLC. I am unaware of any specific address or set of addresses that can be used to verify the ETH is actually there.
As an aside - I would actually love to see if anyone knows more about this as it’s something that’s sort of peaked my interest after being asked about it… I find it doubtful we can find that however.
Source: Part C. Business Information, Item 8, subsection A. on page 16 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Can ETHE be redeemed for ETH? 
No, currently there is no way to give your shares of ETHE back to Grayscale to receive ETH back. The only method of getting back into ETH would be to sell your ETHE to someone else and then use those proceeds to buy ETH yourself.
Source: Redemption Procedures on page 41 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Why are they not redeeming shares? 
I think the report summarizes it best:
Redemptions of Shares are currently not permitted and the Trust is unable to redeem Shares. Subject to receipt of regulatory approval from the SEC and approval by the Sponsor in its sole discretion, the Trust may in the future operate a redemption program. Because the Trust does not believe that the SEC would, at this time, entertain an application for the waiver of rules needed in order to operate an ongoing redemption program, the Trust currently has no intention of seeking regulatory approval from the SEC to operate an ongoing redemption program.
Source: Redemption Procedures on page 41 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
What is the fee structure? 
ETHE has an annual fee of 2.5%. GBTC has an annual fee of 2.0%. Fees are paid by selling the underlying ETH / BTC collateralizing the asset.
Source: ETHE’s informational page on Grayscale’s website - Located Here
Source: Description of Trust on page 31 & 32 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
What is the ratio of ETH to ETHE? 
At the time of posting (6/19/2020) each ETHE share is backed by .09391605 ETH. Each share of GBTC is backed by .00096038 BTC.
ETHE & GBTC’s specific information page on Grayscale’s website updates the ratio daily – Located Here
For a full historical look at this ratio, it can be found on the Grayscale home page on the upper right side if you go to Tax Documents > 2019 Tax Documents > Grayscale Ethereum Trust 2019 Tax Letter.
Why is the ratio not 1:1? Why is it always decreasing? 
While I cannot say for certain why the initial distribution was not a 1:1 backing, it is more than likely to keep the price down and allow more investors a chance to purchase ETHE / GBTC.
As noted above, fees are paid by selling off the ETH collateralizing ETHE. So this number will always be trending downward as time goes on.
Source: Description of Trust on page 32 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
I keep hearing about how this is locked supply… explain? 
As noted above, there is currently no redemption program for converting your ETHE back into ETH. This means that once an ETHE is issued, it will remain in circulation until a redemption program is formed --- something that doesn’t seem to be too urgent for the SEC or Grayscale at the moment. Tiny amounts will naturally be removed due to fees, but the bulk of the asset is in there for good.
Knowing that ETHE cannot be taken back and destroyed at this time, the ETH collateralizing it will not be removed from the wallet for the foreseeable future. While it is not fully locked in the sense of say a totally lost key, it is not coming out any time soon.
Per their annual statement:
The Trust’s ETH will be transferred out of the ETH Account only in the following circumstances: (i) transferred to pay the Sponsor’s Fee or any Additional Trust Expenses, (ii) distributed in connection with the redemption of Baskets (subject to the Trust’s obtaining regulatory approval from the SEC to operate an ongoing redemption program and the consent of the Sponsor), (iii) sold on an as-needed basis to pay Additional Trust Expenses or (iv) sold on behalf of the Trust in the event the Trust terminates and liquidates its assets or as otherwise required by law or regulation.
Source: Description of Trust on page 31 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Grayscale now owns a huge chunk of both ETH and BTC’s supply… should we be worried about manipulation, a sell off to crash the market crash, a staking cartel? 
First, it’s important to remember Grayscale is a lot more akin to an exchange then say an investment firm. Grayscale is working on behalf of its investors to create this product for investor control. Grayscale doesn’t ‘control’ the ETH it holds any more then Coinbase ‘controls’ the ETH in its hot wallet. (Note: There are likely some varying levels of control, but specific to this topic Grayscale cannot simply sell [legally, at least] the ETH by their own decision in the same manner Coinbase wouldn't be able to either.)
That said, there shouldn’t be any worry in the short to medium time-frame. As noted above, Grayscale can’t really remove ETH other than for fees or termination of the product. At 2.5% a year, fees are noise in terms of volume. Grayscale seems to be the fastest growing product in the crypto space at the moment and termination of the product seems unlikely.
IF redemptions were to happen tomorrow, it’s extremely unlikely we would see a mass exodus out of the product to redeem for ETH. And even if there was incentive to get back to ETH, the premium makes it so that it would be much more cost effective to just sell your ETHE on the secondary market and buy ETH yourself. Remember, any redemption is up to the investors and NOT something Grayscale has direct control over.
Yes, but what about [insert criminal act here]… 
Alright, yes. Technically nothing is stopping Grayscale from selling all the ETH / BTC and running off to the Bahamas (Hawaii?). BUT there is no real reason for them to do so. Barry is an extremely public figure and it won’t be easy for him to get away with that. Grayscale’s Bitcoin Trust creates SEC reports weekly / bi-weekly and I’m sure given the sentiment towards crypto is being watched carefully. Plus, Grayscale is making tons of consistent revenue and thus has little to no incentive to give that up for a quick buck.
That’s a lot of ‘happy little feels’ Bob, is there even an independent audit or is this Tether 2.0? 
Actually yes, an independent auditor report can be found in their annual reports. It is clearly aimed more towards the financial side and I doubt the auditors are crypto savants, but it is at least one extra set of eyes. Auditors are Friedman LLP – Auditor since 2015.
Source: Independent Auditor Report starting on page 116 (of the PDF itself) of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
As mentioned by user TheCrpytosAndBloods (In Comments Below), a fun fact:
The company’s auditors Friedman LLP were also coincidentally TetheBitfinex’s auditors until They controversially parted ways in 2018 when the Tether controversy was at its height. I am not suggesting for one moment that there is anything shady about DCG - I just find it interesting it’s the same auditor.
“Grayscale sounds kind of lame” / “Not your keys not your crypto!” / “Why is anyone buying this, it sounds like a scam?” 
Welp, for starters this honestly is not really a product aimed at the people likely to be reading this post. To each their own, but do remember just because something provides no value to you doesn’t mean it can’t provide value to someone else. That said some of the advertised benefits are as follows:
So for example, I can set up an IRA at a brokerage account that has $0 trading fees. Then I can trade GBTC and ETHE all day without having to worry about tracking my taxes. All with the relative safety something like E-Trade provides over Binance.
As for how it benefits the everyday ETH holder? I think the supply lock is a positive. I also think this product exposes the Ethereum ecosystem to people who otherwise wouldn’t know about it.
Why is there a premium? Why is ETHE’s premium so insanely high compared to GBTC’s premium? 
There are a handful of theories of why a premium exists at all, some even mentioned in the annual report. The short list is as follows:
Why is ETHE’s so much higher the GBTC’s? Again, a few thoughts:

Are there any other differences between ETHE and GBTC? 
I touched on a few of the smaller differences, but one of the more interesting changes is GBTC is now a “SEC reporting company” as of January 2020. Which again goes beyond my scope of knowledge so I won’t comment on it too much… but the net result is GBTC is now putting out weekly / bi-weekly 8-K’s and annual 10-K’s. This means you can track GBTC that much easier at the moment as well as there is an extra layer of validity to the product IMO.
I’m looking for some statistics on ETHE… such as who is buying, how much is bought, etc? 
There is a great Q1 2020 report I recommend you give a read that has a lot of cool graphs and data on the product. It’s a little GBTC centric, but there is some ETHE data as well. It can be found here hidden within the 8-K filings.Q1 2020 is the 4/16/2020 8-K filing.
For those more into a GAAP style report see the 2019 annual 10-K of the same location.
Is Grayscale only just for BTC and ETH? 
No, there are other products as well. In terms of a secondary market product, ETCG is the Ethereum Classic version of ETHE. Fun Fact – ETCG was actually put out to the secondary market first. It also has a 3% fee tied to it where 1% of it goes to some type of ETC development fund.
In terms of institutional and accredited investors, there are a few ‘fan favorites’ such as Bitcoin Cash, Litcoin, Stellar, XRP, and Zcash. Something called Horizion (Backed by ZEN I guess? Idk to be honest what that is…). And a diversified Mutual Fund type fund that has a little bit of all of those. None of these products are available on the secondary market.
Are there alternatives to Grayscale? 
I know they exist, but I don’t follow them. I’ll leave this as a “to be edited” section and will add as others comment on what they know.
Per user Over-analyser (in comments below):
Coinshares (Formerly XBT provider) are the only similar product I know of. BTC, ETH, XRP and LTC as Exchange Traded Notes (ETN).
It looks like they are fully backed with the underlying crypto (no premium).
https://coinshares.com/etps/xbt-provideinvestor-resources/daily-hedging-position
Denominated in SEK and EUR. Certainly available in some UK pensions (SIPP).
As asked by pegcity - Okay so I was under the impression you can just give them your own ETH and get ETHE, but do you get 11 ETHE per ETH or do you get the market value of ETH in USD worth of ETHE? 
I have always understood that the ETHE issued directly through Grayscale is issued without the premium. As in, if I were to trade 1 ETH for ETHE I would get 11, not say only 2 or 3 because the secondary market premium is so high. And if I were paying cash only I would be paying the price to buy 1 ETH to get my 11 ETHE. Per page 39 of their annual statement, it reads as follows:
The Trust will issue Shares to Authorized Participants from time to time, but only in one or more Baskets (with a Basket being a block of 100 Shares). The Trust will not issue fractions of a Basket. The creation (and, should the Trust commence a redemption program, redemption) of Baskets will be made only in exchange for the delivery to the Trust, or the distribution by the Trust, of the number of whole and fractional ETH represented by each Basket being created (or, should the Trust commence a redemption program, redeemed), which is determined by dividing (x) the number of ETH owned by the Trust at 4:00 p.m., New York time, on the trade date of a creation or redemption order, after deducting the number of ETH representing the U.S. dollar value of accrued but unpaid fees and expenses of the Trust (converted using the ETH Index Price at such time, and carried to the eighth decimal place), by (y) the number of Shares outstanding at such time (with the quotient so obtained calculated to one one-hundred-millionth of one ETH (i.e., carried to the eighth decimal place)), and multiplying such quotient by 100 (the “Basket ETH Amount”). All questions as to the calculation of the Basket ETH Amount will be conclusively determined by the Sponsor and will be final and binding on all persons interested in the Trust. The Basket ETH Amount multiplied by the number of Baskets being created or redeemed is the “Total Basket ETH Amount.” The number of ETH represented by a Share will gradually decrease over time as the Trust’s ETH are used to pay the Trust’s expenses. Each Share represented approximately 0.0950 ETH and 0.0974 ETH as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

submitted by Bob-Rossi to ethfinance [link] [comments]

08-12 22:05 - 'Why Bitcoin Will Win: The Bearish Case for Ethereum' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/uncapslock removed from /r/Bitcoin within 207-217min

'''
Hi Everyone! If you were around for the 2017 bull cycle, you might remember me from:
[[link]6
With the advent of DeFi, I wanted to crystalize my thoughts on why Bitcoin will win in the end.

Why Bitcoin Will Win: The Bearish Case for Ethereum

Ethereum is the MySpace of decentralized finance. Hobbled together, scrappy, but provides an exciting glimpse into the future. We should be pleased with the new paradigms discovered through this experiment but should not expect it to be the de facto platform in a decade.
Ethereum has demonstrated intrinsic challenges that are insurmountable without an Ethereum 2. We have witnessed unauditability, scaling difficulties, centralization and high contract fees. Building second-layer solutions to make up for shortcomings is akin to patching cracks in the asphalt with duct tape.
In this piece, I’ll navigate why we should not confuse novelty of features for sustainable value, why Ethereum makes for a poor base layer, and what to expect in the decade ahead.
There will only be one base layer for digital scarcity of humanity and that is Bitcoin.

The “Bitcoin is money, Ethereum is apps” fallacy

There is a logical fallacy in arguing “Bitcoin is money, Ethereum is apps,” which draws a false equivalence between the value of money and apps. As any self-respecting financier knows, the value lies (quite literally) where wealth is stored.
“Applications are cheap. A store of wealth is expensive.”
Building applications is a solved problem.
We know how to recruit engineers, build organizations and assemble technical solutions. We have a bevy of technologies that provide affordances for user interfaces. We have best practices for effective engineering. We even have strategies for amplifying creativity during brainstorming.
The number of pages on CoinMarketCap.com is a testament to the commonality of applications.
What is not solved is building applications on top of a store of wealth.
In order to build applications on top of a store of wealth, you either appropriate an existing store of wealth and build on top of it (i.e. Plaid) or you build a new store of wealth (Bitcoin).
Building a digital store of wealth is so hard it has taken over half a century and is still not ready. The digital store of wealth is only ready when it stores a nontrivial portion portion of global wealth.
On August 11, 2020, MicroStrategy announced it had acquired 21,454 Bitcoin for $250 million. A single company bought the equivalent of all Bitcoin in Ethereum that day.
Building an application on Ethereum today is the worst of both worlds. It builds on a burgeoning new store of value with a tiny addressable market on top of a limited capacity network already showing strains.
The vast majority of global wealth is still outside of the system, waiting to designate a digital store of value.
Conceding that Bitcoin is the better store of value is conceding Bitcoin will be the disproportionate beneficiary of global wealth entering the system.

So where do applications fit in?

Imagine acquiring a bank. You are given a choice to either acquire the trillion dollars under management and no app or a smooth, slick app but not the financial assets.
It’s easier to make a new application where users are already present rather than move users to a new platform with an existing application. As we’ve seen in the previous section, most users will be on Bitcoin utilizing its value as a store of wealth.
“Applications will be built where wealth is stored.”
What we’ll see is the best ideas from current generation of DeFi applications (elastic supply, governance, fair distribution mechanisms, auditability) built into layer 2 solutions of Bitcoin that itself sits on top of multiple trillions of dollars of global wealth.
Why will this happen? Builders will note applications of value from the small pond of Ethereum and see a market opportunity to natively expose those features to the much larger accounts in Bitcoin, reaping proportionally higher revenue.

Why can’t we use Ethereum as a store of value?

“If native users of a platform are so important, why can’t we just use Ethereum as a store of value? After all, holders of Ethereum have seen much higher appreciation in value since its founding compared to Bitcoin.”
Here we refer back to the [“The Bullish Case for Bitcoin”]2 which lays out the core properties of money of which three critical areas Ethereum is weak against Bitcoin.

Verifiability

As we see in the indefatigable investigation by [Pierre Rochard]3 in his epic quest to audit Ethereum’s supply limit, verifying the total number of Ethereum is not a trivial task.
A number of supply adjustments had been made in node software instead of on-chain transactions, intermediate miner rewards calculated using uncles that are not finalized for a number of blocks, selfdestruct() that leaves ambiguity for token inactivity.
These factors make it impossible to have an objective measure without specifying an asterisk of the nuances appropriated for each method of calculation.
Lack of auditability makes Ethereum a nonstarter for firms desiring a store of value. Without an objective measure of supply comes an impossibility of assessing the value of your asset.
From measurement of the Ethereum supply through scripts, it has been hypothesized that there has been at least one inflation bug that has been exploited: [*[link]7

Scarcity

There is no set limit of Ethereum by design. From inception it was designed to be an inflationary currency which is essential as a utility token executing applications but is fatal for a store of value.
There is an ongoing effort to curtail Ethereum’s inflation to appease to its holders which will be to its detriment as use as an application platform.
This tension between being an appreciating digital asset and utilization as fuel is intrinsic to Ethereum and cannot be removed. When Ethereum prices go up by a factor of ten, only smart contracts that can provide commensurate proportional value will be viable.
“Using Ethereum as a store of value creates a perverse relationship with increasing contract fees that undermine its value as an application network.”
As the price rises further, we will see the majority of use cases today become priced out, adding platform risk where users will now need to worry whether they will be able to get their assets back out in the event of Ethereum appreciation.

Censorship Resistance

It is an open secret that Infura is the defacto backend for Ethereum. Running a full Ethereum node is known and accepted to be an arduous task with astronomical processor requirements.
This problem is getting worse, not better as the system struggles with transaction volume today, much less the several magnitudes of transactions needed in the coming decade.
The solution provided is running Ethereum 2 and implementing applications on a second layer of Ethereum. This shifts the conversation to if building a new base layer or building on a second layer is necessary, what benefit is there to retain Ethereum as a base layer?

A Look Back from 2030

When we look back to 2017–2021, we will remember this period as the primordial era of where creative entrepreneurs came together to experiment with the new paradigm of permission-less smart contracts.
We will see a meaningful portion of global wealth go into Bitcoin by 2024 raising assets under management to a trillion dollars. Companies will convert overseas holdings into Bitcoin to counter inflationary risk for sovereign currencies. Smaller nation-states will start to acquire a reserve of Bitcoin to counter dollar strength to pay off their dollar-denominated debt.
During this time, firms small and large will rush to build applications to service wealth stored in Bitcoin on layer 2 and layer 3 solutions. Many of these applications will be inspired by what is currently built on top of Ethereum but addressing a much larger market.
Through two more halvings by 2030, everyone will have a Bitcoin account providing both a store of value as well as a unified platform that provides the largest installed userbase for financial products. We'll be ending the decade with 10M per Bitcoin, (one magnitude increase each for the three halving periods: 2020-2024, 2024-2028, 2028-2032) with Bitcoin serving as the generational store of wealth for those with the foresight to stack sats and hodl.

Tips for Builders

You’re not late. In fact you’re incredibly early. We’re still building the store of value that will be the foundation to the financial apps that you’ll build. Ethereum is a nice environment for experimenting with new paradigms that are made possible through smart contracts.
But understand that the bulk of your future customers will be onboarding onto a different platform when they do arrive. There will be a bonanza period where we see thousands of companies and millions of retail users adopting Bitcoin.
It’ll be up to you to recognize the arbitrage opportunity to offer product features in native Bitcoin format to beat other products that must employ bridges to access wealth stored in Bitcoin.

About Me

For future writing, [you can follow me on Twitter at @uncapslock]5 .
This article is for information purposes only and is not intended to be investment advice.
'''
Why Bitcoin Will Win: The Bearish Case for Ethereum
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: uncapslock
1: www.red*it.co***/Bi*coin/*om**n*s/6h4*1i/why_i*sol*_all_***e*h*reum_*oda**an*_convert*d_i*/ 2: medium.c*m/@*i*a*bo*apati/t*e*bu*l*sh*case-for-*it*oin*6ecc8*de*c* 3: tw*t*e**com/pierre_*o*hard 4: *w*tte*.***/GeistLight/st*tus/1*926*756*3801390** 5: t*itt**.*om/uncap**ock 6: ww**r**di**com*Bitcoin/comments/6h4**i/why\_*\_***d\*al*\_my*_eth*re*m\*today\*and*_*onve*te*\_it/**^1 7: twitter.com/*eistLi*h*/s*a*u*/*29*6475***801390***]^^4
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

⚡ Lightning Network Megathread ⚡

Last updated 2018-01-29
This post is a collaboration with the Bitcoin community to create a one-stop source for Lightning Network information.
There are still questions in the FAQ that are unanswered, if you know the answer and can provide a source please do so!

⚡What is the Lightning Network? ⚡

Explanations:

Image Explanations:

Specifications / White Papers

Videos

Lightning Network Experts on Reddit

  • starkbot - (Elizabeth Stark - Lightning Labs)
  • roasbeef - (Olaoluwa Osuntokun - Lightning Labs)
  • stile65 - (Alex Akselrod - Lightning Labs)
  • cfromknecht - (Conner Fromknecht - Lightning Labs)
  • RustyReddit - (Rusty Russell - Blockstream)
  • cdecker - (Christian Decker - Blockstream)
  • Dryja - (Tadge Dryja - Digital Currency Initiative)
  • josephpoon - (Joseph Poon)
  • fdrn - (Fabrice Drouin - ACINQ )
  • pmpadiou - (Pierre-Marie Padiou - ACINQ)

Lightning Network Experts on Twitter

  • @starkness - (Elizabeth Stark - Lightning Labs)
  • @roasbeef - (Olaoluwa Osuntokun - Lightning Labs)
  • @stile65 - (Alex Akselrod - Lightning Labs)
  • @bitconner - (Conner Fromknecht - Lightning Labs)
  • @johanth - (Johan Halseth - Lightning Labs)
  • @bvu - (Bryan Vu - Lightning Labs)
  • @rusty_twit - (Rusty Russell - Blockstream)
  • @snyke - (Christian Decker - Blockstream)
  • @JackMallers - (Jack Mallers - Zap)
  • @tdryja - (Tadge Dryja - Digital Currency Initiative)
  • @jcp - (Joseph Poon)
  • @alexbosworth - (Alex Bosworth - yalls.org)

Medium Posts

Learning Resources

Books

Desktop Interfaces

Web Interfaces

Tutorials and resources

Lightning on Testnet

Lightning Wallets

Place a testnet transaction

Altcoin Trading using Lightning

  • ZigZag - Disclaimer You must trust ZigZag to send to Target Address

Lightning on Mainnet

Warning - Testing should be done on Testnet

Atomic Swaps

Developer Documentation and Resources

Lightning implementations

  • LND - Lightning Network Daemon (Golang)
  • eclair - A Scala implementation of the Lightning Network (Scala)
  • c-lightning - A Lightning Network implementation in C
  • lit - Lightning Network node software (Golang)
  • lightning-onion - Onion Routed Micropayments for the Lightning Network (Golang)
  • lightning-integration - Lightning Integration Testing Framework
  • ptarmigan - C++ BOLT-Compliant Lightning Network Implementation [Incomplete]

Libraries

Lightning Network Visualizers/Explorers

Testnet

Mainnet

Payment Processors

  • BTCPay - Next stable version will include Lightning Network

Community

Slack

IRC

Slack Channel

Discord Channel

Miscellaneous

⚡ Lightning FAQs ⚡

If you can answer please PM me and include source if possible. Feel free to help keep these answers up to date and as brief but correct as possible
Is Lightning Bitcoin?
Yes. You pick a peer and after some setup, create a bitcoin transaction to fund the lightning channel; it’ll then take another transaction to close it and release your funds. You and your peer always hold a bitcoin transaction to get your funds whenever you want: just broadcast to the blockchain like normal. In other words, you and your peer create a shared account, and then use Lightning to securely negotiate who gets how much from that shared account, without waiting for the bitcoin blockchain.
Is the Lightning Network open source?
Yes, Lightning is open source. Anyone can review the code (in the same way as the bitcoin code)
Who owns and controls the Lightning Network?
Similar to the bitcoin network, no one will ever own or control the Lightning Network. The code is open source and free for anyone to download and review. Anyone can run a node and be part of the network.
I’ve heard that Lightning transactions are happening “off-chain”…Does that mean that my bitcoin will be removed from the blockchain?
No, your bitcoin will never leave the blockchain. Instead your bitcoin will be held in a multi-signature address as long as your channel stays open. When the channel is closed; the final transaction will be added to the blockchain. “Off-chain” is not a perfect term, but it is used due to the fact that the transfer of ownership is no longer reflected on the blockchain until the channel is closed.
Do I need a constant connection to run a lightning node?
Not necessarily,
Example: A and B have a channel. 1 BTC each. A sends B 0.5 BTC. B sends back 0.25 BTC. Balance should be A = 0.75, B = 1.25. If A gets disconnected, B can publish the first Tx where the balance was A = 0.5 and B = 1.5. If the node B does in fact attempt to cheat by publishing an old state (such as the A=0.5 and B=1.5 state), this cheat can then be detected on-chain and used to steal the cheaters funds, i.e., A can see the closing transaction, notice it's an old one and grab all funds in the channel (A=2, B=0). The time that A has in order to react to the cheating counterparty is given by the CheckLockTimeVerify (CLTV) in the cheating transaction, which is adjustable. So if A foresees that it'll be able to check in about once every 24 hours it'll require that the CLTV is at least that large, if it's once a week then that's fine too. You definitely do not need to be online and watching the chain 24/7, just make sure to check in once in a while before the CLTV expires. Alternatively you can outsource the watch duties, in order to keep the CLTV timeouts low. This can be achieved both with trusted third parties or untrusted ones (watchtowers). In the case of a unilateral close, e.g., you just go offline and never come back, the other endpoint will have to wait for that timeout to expire to get its funds back. So peers might not accept channels with extremely high CLTV timeouts. -- Source
What Are Lightning’s Advantages?
Tiny payments are possible: since fees are proportional to the payment amount, you can pay a fraction of a cent; accounting is even done in thousandths of a satoshi. Payments are settled instantly: the money is sent in the time it takes to cross the network to your destination and back, typically a fraction of a second.
Does Lightning require Segregated Witness?
Yes, but not in theory. You could make a poorer lightning network without it, which has higher risks when establishing channels (you might have to wait a month if things go wrong!), has limited channel lifetime, longer minimum payment expiry times on each hop, is less efficient and has less robust outsourcing. The entire spec as written today assumes segregated witness, as it solves all these problems.
Can I Send Funds From Lightning to a Normal Bitcoin Address?
No, for now. For the first version of the protocol, if you wanted to send a normal bitcoin transaction using your channel, you have to close it, send the funds, then reopen the channel (3 transactions). In future versions, you and your peer would agree to spend out of your lightning channel funds just like a normal bitcoin payment, allowing you to use your lightning wallet like a normal bitcoin wallet.
Can I Make Money Running a Lightning Node?
Not really. Anyone can set up a node, and so it’s a race to the bottom on fees. In practice, we may see the network use a nominal fee and not change very much, which only provides an incremental incentive to route on a node you’re going to use yourself, and not enough to run one merely for fees. Having clients use criteria other than fees (e.g. randomness, diversity) in route selection will also help this.
What is the release date for Lightning on Mainnet?
Lightning is already being tested on the Mainnet Twitter Link but as for a specific date, Jameson Lopp says it best
Would there be any KYC/AML issues with certain nodes?
Nope, because there is no custody ever involved. It's just like forwarding packets. -- Source
What is the delay time for the recipient of a transaction receiving confirmation?
Furthermore, the Lightning Network scales not with the transaction throughput of the underlying blockchain, but with modern data processing and latency limits - payments can be made nearly as quickly as packets can be sent. -- Source
How does the lightning network prevent centralization?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
What are Channel Factories and how do they work?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How does the Lightning network work in simple terms?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How are paths found in Lightning Network?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How would the lightning network work between exchanges?
Each exchange will get to decide and need to implement the software into their system, but some ideas have been outlined here: Google Doc - Lightning Exchanges
Note that by virtue of the usual benefits of cost-less, instantaneous transactions, lightning will make arbitrage between exchanges much more efficient and thus lead to consistent pricing across exchange that adopt it. -- Source
How do lightning nodes find other lightning nodes?
Stack Exchange Answer
Does every user need to store the state of the complete Lightning Network?
According to Rusty's calculations we should be able to store 1 million nodes in about 100 MB, so that should work even for mobile phones. Beyond that we have some proposals ready to lighten the load on endpoints, but we'll cross that bridge when we get there. -- Source
Would I need to download the complete state every time I open the App and make a payment?
No you'd remember the information from the last time you started the app and only sync the differences. This is not yet implemented, but it shouldn't be too hard to get a preliminary protocol working if that turns out to be a problem. -- Source
What needs to happen for the Lightning Network to be deployed and what can I do as a user to help?
Lightning is based on participants in the network running lightning node software that enables them to interact with other nodes. This does not require being a full bitcoin node, but you will have to run "lnd", "eclair", or one of the other node softwares listed above.
All lightning wallets have node software integrated into them, because that is necessary to create payment channels and conduct payments on the network, but you can also intentionally run lnd or similar for public benefit - e.g. you can hold open payment channels or channels with higher volume, than you need for your own transactions. You would be compensated in modest fees by those who transact across your node with multi-hop payments. -- Source
Is there anyway for someone who isn't a developer to meaningfully contribute?
Sure, you can help write up educational material. You can learn and read more about the tech at http://dev.lightning.community/resources. You can test the various desktop and mobile apps out there (Lightning Desktop, Zap, Eclair apps). -- Source
Do I need to be a miner to be a Lightning Network node?
No -- Source
Do I need to run a full Bitcoin node to run a lightning node?
lit doesn't depend on having your own full node -- it automatically connects to full nodes on the network. -- Source
LND uses a light client mode, so it doesn't require a full node. The name of the light client it uses is called neutrino
How does the lightning network stop "Cheating" (Someone broadcasting an old transaction)?
Upon opening a channel, the two endpoints first agree on a reserve value, below which the channel balance may not drop. This is to make sure that both endpoints always have some skin in the game as rustyreddit puts it :-)
For a cheat to become worth it, the opponent has to be absolutely sure that you cannot retaliate against him during the timeout. So he has to make sure you never ever get network connectivity during that time. Having someone else also watching for channel closures and notifying you, or releasing a canned retaliation, makes this even harder for the attacker. This is because if he misjudged you being truly offline you can retaliate by grabbing all of its funds. Spotty connections, DDoS, and similar will not provide the attacker the necessary guarantees to make cheating worthwhile. Any form of uncertainty about your online status acts as a deterrent to the other endpoint. -- Source
How many times would someone need to open and close their lightning channels?
You typically want to have more than one channel open at any given time for redundancy's sake. And we imagine open and close will probably be automated for the most part. In fact we already have a feature in LND called autopilot that can automatically open channels for a user.
Frequency will depend whether the funds are needed on-chain or more useful on LN. -- Source
Will the lightning network reduce BTC Liquidity due to "locking-up" funds in channels?
Stack Exchange Answer
Can the Lightning Network work on any other cryptocurrency? How?
Stack Exchange Answer
When setting up a Lightning Network Node are fees set for the entire node, or each channel when opened?
You don't really set up a "node" in the sense that anyone with more than one channel can automatically be a node and route payments. Fees on LN can be set by the node, and can change dynamically on the network. -- Source
Can Lightning routing fees be changed dynamically, without closing channels?
Yes but it has to be implemented in the Lightning software being used. -- Source
How can you make sure that there will be routes with large enough balances to handle transactions?
You won't have to do anything. With autopilot enabled, it'll automatically open and close channels based on the availability of the network. -- Source
How does the Lightning Network stop flooding nodes (DDoS) with micro transactions? Is this even an issue?
Stack Exchange Answer

Unanswered Questions

How do on-chain fees work when opening and closing channels? Who pays the fee?
How does the Lightning Network work for mobile users?
What are the best practices for securing a lightning node?
What is a lightning "hub"?
How does lightning handle cross chain (Atomic) swaps?

Special Thanks and Notes

  • Many links found from awesome-lightning-network github
  • Everyone who submitted a question or concern!
  • I'm continuing to format for an easier Mobile experience!
submitted by codedaway to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Newscrypto Trading Tools and Advanced Indicators

Newscrypto Trading Tools and Advanced Indicators
Newscrypto Platform
BEGINNER TIER
NEWS 📰 A feature that analyses the news and searches for pieces of new information whilst filtering and providing the right ones to our members. We will also have vloggers, bloggers, and journalists on our team, all being paid with our tokens. Therefore, in order for them to make money, they will have to provide the best pieces of news and information possible.
CHARTS 📈 They answer the basic questions, for instance: What is the price action?; What do charts show us? What are price candles? Price movement; Trend Lines; Support Resistance lines; Orders; Order books explained and much more giving users a whole package of useful knowledge about charts.
COIN CALENDAR 🗓️ A cryptocurrency event calendar to keep updated on events regarding the coins or tokens you are interested in or currently holding. The coin calendar can be managed and updated to the member’s portfolio.
ALTCOIN POLICE 👮 A feature that shows your action behind the desired coin or token. If a project’s development isn’t active you can confidently assume it is dead and vice versa so you can act appropriately to it.
COIN TRACKER 〽️ Database where users can import all of their trades. You can build your portfolio and calculate the current balance and sell/buy trade options for the coins you are currently holding
🔹🔹🔹🔹🔹🔹🔹
INTERMEDIATE TIER
TRADING ™️ An option of trading available for our members that automatically places buy and sell orders in their name to a cryptocurrency of their choice. The user can set all the details (limit, token amount, rate, etc.) in advance.
EXCHANGE RATES AND ARBITRAGE 💱 A feature analyzing all current exchange rates and their differences in different exchange markets. This allows users to choose the market where their selected currency has the best price for them to buy or sell it. As we know, the crypto world is decentralized, which means there can be vast differences between different crypto exchange markets.
PERFORMANCE 🔧 Display of all cryptocurrencies and crypto exchanges that shows their performance in the desired time ratio from 1 day to 1 month.
SENTIMENT 📏 A feature that consists of professional technical analysis for top cryptocurrencies to evaluate investments and identify trading opportunities. The options are arranged from 1 minute to 1 month showing you the buy/sell opinion by focusing on patterns of price movements, trading signals, and various other analytical charting tools.
🔹🔹🔹🔹🔹🔹🔹
ADVANCED TIER
WHALE ALERTS 🐋 Whale alerts are instant notifications for so-called whale moves. They provide insight into big amounts of money or so-called smart money being entered or exited from one currency into another. These moves are normally made on some type of verified information and we enable our users to react accordingly to it.
CORRELATIONIndicator that shows the biggest price difference between Bitcoin and other major coins. It can be used to monitor the movement and analyzing the market.
INFLOW INDICATOR 🔺 A special feature constructed on an exact calculation of FIAT flowing into and out of different crypto exchanges.
CRYPTO MINING ⛏️ Indispensable tool for everyone interested in crypto mining. It shows digital asset staking rewards & dividends for most promising mining crypto coins.
https://imgur.com/a/fIQgrKX
Become NWC Member and register an account for free at
🔹 REGISTER https://newscrypto.io/users/login/
🔹 SOCIAL MEDIA https://linktr.ee/nwc_public
https://imgur.com/a/fIQgrKX
NewsCrypto Team
submitted by Cinesius to NewsCrypto_io [link] [comments]

🛠️TOOLS🛠️

🛠️TOOLS🛠️
BEGINNER TIER
● NEWS 📰 A feature that analyses the news and searches for pieces of new information whilst filtering and providing the right ones to our members. We will also have vloggers, bloggers, and journalists on our team, all being paid with our tokens. Therefore, in order for them to make money, they will have to provide the best pieces of news and information possible.
● CHARTS 📈 They answer the basic questions, for instance: What is the price action?; What do charts show us? What are price candles? Price movement; Trend Lines; Support Resistance lines; Orders; Order books explained and much more giving users a whole package of useful knowledge about charts.
● COIN CALENDAR 🗓️ A cryptocurrency event calendar to keep updated on events regarding the coins or tokens you are interested in or currently holding. The coin calendar can be managed and updated to the member’s portfolio.
● ALTCOIN POLICE 👮 A feature that shows your action behind the desired coin or token. If a project’s development isn’t active you can confidently assume it is dead and vice versa so you can act appropriately to it.
● COIN TRACKER 〽️ Database where users can import all of their trades. You can build your portfolio and calculate the current balance and sell/buy trade options for the coins you are currently holding
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
INTERMEDIATE TIER
● TRADING ™️ An option of trading available for our members that automatically places buy and sell orders in their name to a cryptocurrency of their choice. The user can set all the details (limit, token amount, rate, etc.) in advance.
● EXCHANGE RATES AND ARBITRAGE 💱 A feature analyzing all current exchange rates and their differences in different exchange markets. This allows users to choose the market where their selected currency has the best price for them to buy or sell it. As we know, the crypto world is decentralized, which means there can be vast differences between different crypto exchange markets.
● PERFORMANCE 🔧 Display of all cryptocurrencies and crypto exchanges that shows their performance in the desired time ratio from 1 day to 1 month.
● SENTIMENT 📏 A feature that consists of professional technical analysis for top cryptocurrencies to evaluate investments and identify trading opportunities. The options are arranged from 1 minute to 1 month showing you the buy/sell opinion by focusing on patterns of price movements, trading signals, and various other analytical charting tools.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ADVANCED TIER
● WHALE ALERTS 🐋 Whale alerts are instant notifications for so-called whale moves. They provide insight into big amounts of money or so-called smart money being entered or exited from one currency into another. These moves are normally made on some type of verified information and we enable our users to react accordingly to it.
● CORRELATION ➗ Indicator that shows the biggest price difference between Bitcoin and other major coins. It can be used to monitor the movement and analyzing the market.
● INFLOW INDICATOR 🔺 A special feature constructed on an exact calculation of FIAT flowing into and out of different crypto exchanges.
● CRYPTO MINING ⛏️ Indispensable tool for everyone interested in crypto mining. It shows digital asset staking rewards & dividends for most promising mining crypto coins.


https://preview.redd.it/6xs1q0k413q31.png?width=1903&format=png&auto=webp&s=597b69b44f8eac08a5267e2d8463d869110f8948
submitted by Cinesius to NewsCrypto_io [link] [comments]

Mother Telegram Technology is an English cryptocurrency mining company

Mother Telegram Technology is an English cryptocurrency mining company. Officially registered in the UK since August 2019, Mother Telegram Technology, however, has an earlier history of creation and formation (for details, see the History of the company).
Since January 2017, the company has been working professionally and quite successfully with Bitcoin ATM operators. 2018 has been manufacturing their own brands of cryptomatic, production takes place in Austria. Cryptomate the most powerful and modern equipment that support the exchange of all major altcoins, as well as perform the role of stores to entire retail chains. Recently Mother Telegram Technology does not only exchange e-gold for himself, rents cryptomate from different parts of the world out, and provides the ability to start without investments. Customers can choose the location and profitability of the leased terminal, calculate its profitability, payback period, size and volume of net profit.
Since may this year, the company has been steadily increasing its own base of terminals, gaining momentum, launching Beta Mother Wallet in Telegram messenger.
In the world of profitable crypto-currency programs at the moment there is hardly a better offer for earnings. And it's not just that the Mother Telegram Technology is a private telegram platform, decent interest rate, reasonable terms, etc. the Matter of stability and reliability, which we show are proud of, which we offer to our partners.

Mother Telegram Technology has been developing steadily, showing medium-high rates of profit growth since its inception. The main goal is to increase the total number of terminals, competitiveness and efficiency. Achieve Mother Telegram Technology
* Platform created in conjunction with Telegram.
• The most reliable Telegram wallet.
* Arbitrage revenue system within the Telegram network.
* Conclusion of profitable contracts with terminal operators in more than 25 countries.
* Creation of own software for terminals. The introduction of innovative business models for cryptomatic, their functionality is very broad and allows you to cover the outlets and the casino.
* High interest rates on rental terminals for our tenants.
Mother Telegram Technology is an excellent rental interest, the lowest prices for the cost of terminals, as well as an interesting and profitable affiliate program.
More info https://motherwallet.net telegram @motherwalletbot
submitted by lolmat45 to u/lolmat45 [link] [comments]

I built an arbitrage system that finds arbitrage opportunities between cryptocurrency exchanges

It took me about 6 months of coding to get where I am now and I'm letting cryptocurrency try it out for free. This is literally the first time I am posting about it to see how people would react to such a system. Currently it is able to find arbitrage opportunities between Binance, Bittrex, Cryptopia, Bitfinex, YoBit, HitBTC, Kraken and Poloniex with many more to come.
It is not like the average arbitrage bots you see mine works by calculating the profit you will make buying on one exchange and selling it on another. It is able to detect which exchanges are doing maintenance on wallets so you dont waste time with false arbitrage opps.
It was able to find a 17% arbitrage opp on Game Credits and I was able to make 15% by purchasing it on Bittrex and selling it on Poloniex 2 days ago. It took me about 7 minutes transfer time. I was also able to buy Bitcoin Gold from Binance and transfer it to Bittrex and sell it for a 20% profit which took me around 30 minutes.
My system is designed to eliminate trading risk by keeping your money out of the market as much as possibles. The purpose is to detect when there is a large price gap between exchanges and capitalize off of it which means get in and get out as fast a you can. The only risk becomes the time it takes to transfer from one exchange to another but the ERC20 tokens transfer pretty fast so it works well with most digital currencies. Also have to be aware of the volume in relation to how much you money you trade with.
I would like to see how many people were able to successfully profit from arbitrage also who would be interested in such a system.
Here is an image of how the system displays the arbitrage opps https://ibb.co/iBWafx and the system can be accessed at Arbiswap.com
----------------------------TRY IT OUT---------------------------------------------------
ATTENTION!!!
Some hater keeps changing the password so I cannot make a test account anymore so it is best everyone create a free trial account and I will make it so the system can be accessed by everyone here at crytocurrency.
It is free to start the trial and will expire in 14 days so make use of it and see if you can find any deals with my system. I suggest you only do ones of 9% or more. Login here http://arbiswap.com/cryptocurrency-arbitrage/ Dont forget to cancel before 2 weeks ends if my system sucks for you.
Keep in mind the system works but you have to be on at the right time to find deals and it updates every 15 minutes. Right now I am working on an alert system which will alert you of the most promising arbitrage opps 9% profit or more on high volume exchanges. Thanks for the amazing feedback I am building this for you guys and it will be limited memberships so work with me and I will with you.
Update: Thank everyone for the support...Email alerts are now active to subscribed members... it checks exchanges every 5 minutes for possible arbitrage opps and when it finds one you will be notified. Anyone can see past alerts on site but they are delayed 3 hours.
Update: here is a medium article I published to try and explain more details about how the system works https://medium.com/@chasarcaulon/presenting-arbiswap-crytocurrency-arbitrage-platform-4dd12b99fd36
submitted by wealthjustin to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

I built an arbitrage tool that tells you which exchange to buy from and which to sell with a built in alert system

It took me about 6 months of coding to get where I am now, as of now it is able to find arbitrage opportunities between Binance, Bittrex, Cryptopia, Bitfinex, YoBit, HitBTC, Kraken and Poloniex with many more to come.
It is not like the average arbitrage bots you see mine works by calculating the profit you will make buying on one exchange and selling it on another. It is able to detect which exchanges are doing maintenance on wallets so you don't waste time with false arbitrage opps. The best feature is our alert system that checks exchanges every 5 minutes for arbitrage opps and emails our subscribers as they happen.
What led me to create it was I kept seeing huge price differences when I was daytrading last year some of the ones I was able to find was a 20% arbitrage opp on Metal and I was able to make 15% by purchasing it on Bittrex and selling it on Binance. It took me about 7 minutes transfer time. I was also able to buy Bitcoin Gold from Binance at least 3 times and transfer it to Bittrex and sell it for a 15- 20% profit each time which took me around 30 minutes. Something else I'd like to mention is that our alert system found the 40% arbitrage opp on BTC-VIA that happened when Binance was hacked a few days ago https://s.nimbus.everhelper.me/share/1533355/bs7dvuubgf83hmgpcnog and notified our susbscribers. So the system works it's a matter of being online at the right time to capitalize of these arbitrage opps that are always occurring.
My system is designed to eliminate trading risk by keeping your money out of the market as much as possible. The purpose is to detect when there is a large price gap between exchanges and capitalize off of it which means get in and get out as fast a you can. The only risk becomes the time it takes to transfer from one exchange to another but the ERC20 tokens transfer pretty fast so it works well with most digital currencies. Also have to be aware of the volume in relation to how much you money you trade with.
I would like to see how many people were able to successfully profit from arbitrage also who would be interested in such a system.
Here is an image of how the system displays the arbitrage opps https://ibb.co/iBWafx and the system can be accessed at Arbiswap.com
EDIT: Now includes a Binance Pump detector at no additional cost (get notified of every price jump - no downloading required)
submitted by wealthjustin to altcoin [link] [comments]

At this time the global financial system is at the “Wile E. Coyotee cliff” moment. Apologies to those that have to Google it. The humor from the resulting list of Youtube videos should make up for the inconvenience.

Don’t Panic.
Every Central banker around the globe at this moment worth their finance degree has a fist full of antacids in one hand and an expensive bottle of liquor in the other. No one wants to be the one that starts the panic that I have been calling the “Days of Vantablack” in the markets. The market is going to panic and there is nothing or no one that can stop it. Don’t panic, it will be alright. I am not here to blame the system or the people pulling the strings of the system that have forced this inevitable event that has been building over the last few decades.
In the past few decades the periodic collapse of bubbles in the market place has seen money run to safety to wait out the time of uncertainty while the equity markets stabilized. The problem with the markets this time around is that the bubble is in both the equity markets and the bonds markets to which equity money runs to safety. The realization will take hold that there is no safe place for money to run to as both sides will be in simultaneous collapse and we will be on the brink of the “Nightmare Scenario”. This will be the end of fiat currencies and the fractional reserve lending systems that accompany it. How ever both the “Gold Bugs” and the crypto currency pushers have it wrong.
For the crypto currency pushers they ignored a fatal weakness in the core premise their desired system. When you have a system that has to account for bad actors the higher the percentage of bad actors that the system has to account for the higher the drag coefficient of the system. This drag can be ignored for systems where few to no actors are trusted as long as the transaction rate is small. The drag increases geometrically with the rate of transactions. A bitcoin like system would require the computing power of Asimov’s Universal Univac computer to process the rate of the average days worth of world wide credit card transactions.
The Gold bugs would have been correct in the world economy prior to the 1980’s. Since the 1980’s if not four decades prior, the need to be able to expand the money supply to account for economic growth would not be possible. The amount of new gold that would have been required to be added to the system could only have been extracted from the Earth’s core or the asteroid belts. If the monetary system would return to the Gold Standard, the constraint of not being able to add gold at a sufficient rate to the system would cause a fatally acute deflationary bias.
There is only one item that can back currency that would naturally balance the inflationary and deflationary pressures in an expanding or contracting economy. Most of the activity of our economic system that keeps us alive and with our creature comforts can be reduced to MoMA. MoMA stands for Move or Manipulate Atoms. I pronounce it as a long o and a short a i.e. “moe ma” with the accent on “moe”. Any manufacturing or chemical process is Manipulating Atoms. Everything else is Moving those same Atoms from one place to another. At this moment only a tiny part of all MoMA is done with physical labor and the trend is for the percentage of physical labor to become infinitesimal if not zero.
When a person purchases a physical object from a company the company exchanges said item for money and then proceeds to replace the item. The entire chain of production can be simplified to the company paying out some of the money to people for there services and then purchases energy that is then used to mine the raw material, transport the raw material to a manufacturing plant, process the raw material into the final product and then transport the product to the customer. In the current system the fluctuation of energy cost is the dominant factor in the purchasing power of money.
From this it can be concluded that beginning with the industrial revolution and continuing to the future the value of money is approaching its purchasing power of energy. Granted there are differing forms of energy delivery but this has been shown to equalize with the markets ability to arbitrage. Money is equal to the promise to deliver some unit of energy in a particular form to a particular location and time.
For us humans energy in the form of food what drives us. Food in its wide forms of production also follows the above example with the added processes that plant growth is powered by the light coming from the sun and animal growth is powered from the consumption of a portion of the grown plants.
For economists this is a new “Stand up and shout”1. For anyone that is a biologist, rocket and/or satellite engineer this is as basic as water is wet.

ALL budgets are fundamentally an energy budget.

I need take the opportunity to make a public apology and point out who the real hero or heroes are that laid the foundation for the saving grace to our current situation. After the the 2011 Fukushima disaster a German politician/bureaucrat or group there of altered German policy to abandon the current atomic energy policy. Upon reading this change in policy I screamed at my computer screen uttering insults to the shortsightedness and disastrous consequences in following the fear mongering of nuclear power. I was wrong. They were right. Because of this change in the allocation of government directed investment into solar power a critical point was reached in 2017 where the full cycle of energy invested into a solar farm would be repaid in energy output in eight years with a continuing trend in the reduction of the EROEI, energy return on energy invested. This new dynamic created the situation that the growth of renewable energy sources can and will grow faster that the population growth indefinitely (well until we consume all the material resources of the entire solar system).

Back of the napkin business plan:
Lets combine the resources of all interested pension funds and create a co-op that take the premise to exchange any current debt instrument for a new promissory note to pay an energy equivalent of the current debt instrument’s energy value (take the current debts instruments value and calculate the energy equivalent of what it could purchase in oil and extract its full theoretical energy content) to be paid out at a future date accumulating a 6.5 percent annual interest compounding until fulfillment of the note. This co-op then takes these incoming funds and begins to build monstrous solar farm reinvesting the energy output into expansion of the farm until its critical mass is reached and it then can start paying off its energy note obligations. The excess energy can be distributed as short term notes to the population where the population can trade these notes for goods and services.
submitted by gnosi to KnowTheFundamentals [link] [comments]

10 Statistical Price Predictions for 10 Cryptocurrencies — January 2018

TL;DR: I simulated a 1-year movement of 10 top cryptocurrencies using an advanced statistical method called geometric Brownian motion, which you can find below. I also created a spreadsheet to simulate prices of ~24 different cryptocurrencies, which you can download here: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1eUIgBowJs2NyKw7kYbx5z_VeCOxsMQdNELfbngs4XnY/copy. The sheet utilizes a paid add-in, which I provide free of cost to those who are less fortunate.

THE MYSTERY OF PRICE MOVEMENT

So, you’re sitting at your computer with money to invest.
You have made some good money already in the market, but you want more.
Cryptocurrencies have reached a record $600 billion in market value after the recovery, with the inevitable $700 billion mark right around the corner.
The price movement of top currencies remains a mystery. But it doesn’t have to be.

THE PAIN OF UNCERTAINTY

Cryptocurrencies are volatile, irrational beasts.
Simple methods of forecasting grossly oveunderestimate the potential of a volatile currency.
For example, moving averages are used frequently to estimate future prices. Moving averages, however, suffer from many pitfalls that make them poor estimators of volatile markets.
Every great and successful investor has a plan. You will add one more tool to your arsenal today.

A BETTER METHOD FOR ESTIMATING CRYPTO PRICES

In my prior article about estimating the movement of Bitcoin Prices, I spoke of a method that is used frequently in the stock world to estimate prices.
This method is a Monte Carlo simulation using the geometric Brownian motion model.
I won’t cover off on the full methodology here, but essentially I am going to:
  1. Get historical daily prices for 10 top cryptocurrencies
  2. Calculate daily returns
  3. Simulate a year
  4. Simulate a year many times
By the end of the article, you will have the following:
A note on forecasting, simulations, and recommendations: Monte Carlo simulations are to be used as guidelines and tools, not as gospel. I am not offering financial or investing advice.

BITCOIN

What is Bitcoin?

You know what Bitcoin is, stop it.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Bitcoin Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Bitcoin Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Bitcoin prices will fall between $9,095, and $371,588 with a median of $60,837.

BITCOIN CASH

What is Bitcoin Cash?

From the Bitcoin Cash project website:
“Bitcoin Cash is peer-to-peer electronic cash for the Internet. It is fully decentralized, with no central bank and requires no trusted third parties to operate.”
Really, it was an additional currency that was created after a fork from Bitcoin core.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Bitcoin Cash Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Bitcoin Cash Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Bitcoin Cash prices will fall between $197, and $180,288 with a median of $4,839.

ETHEREUM

What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third party interference.
Ethereum has been busy recently. Multiple steps have been pushed in motion for the upcoming large change — reaching a new consensus method.
From Jordan Daniel at ethnews.com:
Ethereum’s Byzantium hard fork was only one half of a two-part process designed to transition the decentralized application platform to a new method for reaching consensus — proof-of-stake. The next hard fork, called Constantinople, was recently discussed during an Ethereum core developer meeting and could include Vitalik Buterin’s Casper update.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Ethereum Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Ethereum Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Ethereum prices will fall between $193, and $8,027 with a median of $1,267.

EOS

What is EOS?

EOS is a blockchain-based, decentralized operating system, designed to support commercial-scale decentralized applications by providing all of the necessary core functionality, enabling businesses to build blockchain applications in a way similar to web-based applications.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of EOS Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year EOS Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that EOS prices will fall between $0.98, and $1,386 with a median of $33.

LITECOIN

What is Litecoin?

Litecoin’s claim to fame is faster transaction processing times. It uses a scrypt-based mining proof-of-work algorithm to target the regular computers and GPUs most people already have.
The ability to target regular computers and GPU’s happens to be a huge differentiator from the crowded mining population of Bitcoin.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Litecoin Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Litecoin Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Litecoin prices will fall between $42, and $12,241 with a median of $745.

OMISEGO

What is OmiseGO?

OmiseGO is building a couple of things:
  1. Decentralized exchange
  2. Liquidity provider mechanism
  3. Clearinghouse messaging network
  4. Asset-backed blockchain gateway
OmiseGO is not owned by any single one party. Instead, it is an open distributed network of validators which enforce behavior of all participants.
According to Blocknight:
Also, OmiseGo counts Vitalik Buterin (Ethereum), and Joseph Poon (Lightning Network Co Author) among their advisers. Joseph Poon is actually billed as author of the OmiseGo whitepaper.
Those are some pretty big names.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of OmiseGO Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year OmiseGO Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that OmiseGO prices will fall between $0.62, and $185.35 with a median of $8.56.

NEO

What is NEO?

NEO (formerly known as AntShares) is a smart asset platform and the first open source public blockchain project in China. Smart assets are the combination of smart blockchain contracts and digital assets.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of NEO Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year NEO Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that NEO prices will fall between $3, and $3,076 with a median of $115.

RIPPLE

What is Ripple?

Ripple is a system created for banks to enable immediate payments and lower costs.
The vision of the Ripple creators is to allow a bank transfer in a few seconds (instead of the horribly annoying 2–3 business days).
Of note, is that Ripple is a U.S. based company. From the xrphodor blog:
Ripple is a US-based company.
Why is this an important point to consider? A US-based company like Ripple is subject to some very stringent laws regarding securities trading and money transmission. These include requirements that define how Ripple might interact with crypto markets and both institutional and retail crypto traders.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Ripple Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Ripple Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Ripple prices will fall between $0.05, and $163 with a median of $2.71.

MONERO

What is Monero?

Monero attempts to solve privacy and fungibility issues that persist in Bitcoin.
Part of the algorithm for Monero automatically mixes transactions with previous transactions and does this by implementing ring signatures.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Monero Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Monero Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Monero prices will fall between $68, and $8,142 with a median of $760.

Zcash

What is Zcash?

From the Blockchainhub infographic:
Zcash is a permissionless cryptocurrency that can fully protect the privacy of transactions using zero-knowledge cryptography.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of ZCash Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year ZCash Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Zcash prices will fall between $54, and $6,259 with a median of $549.

YOUR VERY OWN FORECASTING TOOL

Since i’m so nice, I went ahead and created a forecasting tool for you to use:
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1eUIgBowJs2NyKw7kYbx5z_VeCOxsMQdNELfbngs4XnY/copy

SERVICES USED:

  1. Google Sheets
  2. Spreadstreet Google Sheets Add-in
  3. StockTwits
  4. CoinMarketCap API
Full disclosure: The google sheets add-in is a 14-day free trial, and $15 per month after. However, no one should be refused access on the basis of money (especially true for students and less fortunate). Send me a message, and I will make sure you are not left in the dark.

A NOTE ON SECURITY

Users have expressed hesitation about running a google sheets add-in on their main computer, so I will attempt to ease those concerns:

WHAT IT PULLS:

GETTING THE SPREADSHEET TO WORK FOR YOU

Install the Spreadstreet add-in for Google Sheets
Get sheet ready for use with the add-in
After logging into the add-in, change the dropdown reference

TROUBLESHOOTING

  1. Important Open the template, click the menu Add-ons / Spreadstreet / Help / View in store, and then click Manage and in the dropdown menu click “Use in this document.”
  2. A reload of the entire worksheet fixes quite a few problems.
  3. Deleting and re-pasting the formula in A1 of the “Candles” tab fixes things as well.
  4. If all else fails, drop me a message
  5. The “SELECT CURRENCY” cell in the Analysis tab (B3) refreshes the pull. Change the results for new data.
When I try and change a coin, I get a #DIV/0 error
Login to the Spreadstreet add-in, and keep the window open. Try changing the dropdown again.
I have tried logging in, activating the template with “Use in this document” and refreshed the sheet…still nothing.
Head to the “Data” tab. Delete the formula in cell A1, and repaste the following: =SS(“candles-bitfinex”, ticker, “1D”, “hist”, true, “”, “”, “”, “0”)

CONCLUSION

Whether you are investing in Bitcoin, Ethereum, or SpankCoin, it is imperative to have a plan. Most notably, a worst-case scenario.
The Monte Carlo simulation is a fantastic way to get a range of prices for a cryptocurrency. And after reading this, you can see how the final values change drastically depending on what you are looking at.
I urge you to download the sheet and try your own hand at simulating different coins. The sheet is setup to pull in every single coin from CoinMarketCap.
Cheers, and happy hunting
Original article can be found here: https://medium.com/@spreadstreet/10-statistical-price-predictions-for-10-cryptocurrencies-january-2018-3dcf04bf9d9a

RELATED POSTS

Financial Modeling for Cryptocurrencies: The spreadsheet that got me my first 1,000% gain
A Super Simple Cryptocurrency Arbitrage Spreadsheet for Finding Mismatched Prices
Bitcoin Madness: How to Simulate Bitcoin Prices in Google Sheets
7 Smart Ethereum Price Prediction Methods for HODL’ers
submitted by 1kexperimentdotcom to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

Current Bitcoin Carbon Emissions. The numbers. Can we discuss please?

I received a PM from a redditor about a old comment. His PM reads -
So back 10 months ago I posted this comment and you responded with the most reasoned response about the entire Bitcoin network emitting less carbon than a single 747. It made me feel much better about Bitcoin. It also confused me this past few weeks with people posting stories stating that Bitcoin will soon use nearly 0.1% of the world's energy and already consumes more power than every single solar panel in the entire world produces. Those two don't really square, so I looked back and the article you reference was from 2014. I'm curious if you've reevaluated your stance on bitcoin or perhaps have some insight that the current hysteria is just overblown?
Since I've spent the time doing some napkin math (I could be horribly wrong on this, someone please correct me!), I thought I should make this post public for everone to evaulate my maths and my reasoning.
First, I would just redirect to AA's great clip on the subject -
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fExR-IKozOY
As for re-evaluating my position, yes, constantly. Im going to do this really quickly, so unsure of accuracy, but should give a rough ball park.
http://www.yousustain.com/footprint/howmuchco2?co2=761+tons
Says its about 761 tons for a 747 to fly 24 hrs.
https://www.thebalance.com/how-much-power-does-the-bitcoin-network-use-391280
Claims 1 watt per 1 second gigahash. Comes out to 343 mW per second. Thats 1234800 mW per hour, which equals 29635200 mWh for 24 hrs. The formula used to calculate megawatt-hours is Megawatt hours (MWh) = Megawatts (MW) x Hours (h). In this case, I've used 24 hours since we are comparing to 24 hours of a 747 flying, so 24 MWh. So currently btc mining has a rate of 1,234,800 per MWh.
Putting 29635200000 (previous mWh * 1000 for kWh) into this government calculator will give you caron comparisons. That calculator claims an equivilent of 2,481,717,074 gallons of gas consumed. Yes, thats nearly 2.5 billion.
To make this comparison more comprehensible....
https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=23&t=10
In 2017, about 143.85 billion gallons (or about 3.40 billion barrels1) of finished motor gasoline were consumed2 in the United States, a daily average of about 391.40 million gallons (or about 9.32 million barrels per day).
This would be equivilent of 6.33 days of gasoline usage in the USA for a single day of mining.
So go go back to our airplane analogy, the carbon calculator says that many mW = 22,055,020 metric tons of carbon emitted.
I do recall looking into the airplane thing back when we were discussing it, and I remember looking at the numbers. Frankly, its impossible to believe those were accurate and im sorry. I should have double checked everything.
According to - https://charts.bitcoin.com/chart/hash-rate
We had around "5EHash" in august of 2017, when that comment was made. We are now at 31EHash, over a 6x fold since that comment was made.
Now that we have the numbers out of the way, some things to consider...
These estimates are based upon the USA's carbon calculators which measures average carbon output based on the varying technologies in the US. According to the wiki the US only is around 12% (in 2016) for renewable energy.
So in general, our energy is pretty damn dirty and we put out a lot more carbon than we sequester.
In that AA video, he talks about the geolocation arbitrage used by miners. This makes a lot of sense. If you are going to invest 50-500 million into a mining operation, are you going to do it in a area where it costs 12 cents per hour (US average), or where it costs 3-4 cents per kwH? See -
https://www.forbes.com/sites/dominicdudley/2018/01/13/renewable-energy-cost-effective-fossil-fuels-2020/#1c69d08e4ff2
Obviously you are going to massively reduce your operational cost as that is what will lead your investment to become profitable.
Fortunately for us, and the world, many of these arbitrage opportunities are in hydroelectric and geothermal energy areas. These plants are designed to be future proofed, so enterprising mining congolmerates will move to areas where they can secure very cheap energy prices. When these companies are currently using 5-15 GwH for their cities, with 50 GwH capacity, they will happily sell their extra capacity to the mining operation since that is a very favorable economic incentive to all parties.
Another factor to consider is that for every single new ASIC design, they are becoming more energy efficient. So even though the hashrate is jumping, I would say the overall energy used by the network will plateau, if it has not already done so. With GMO and other giants like Samsung entering the mining design fray, this will only speed up energy efficiency.
None of this is intended to be a sidestepping of the facts - Clearly the bitcoin network uses a lot of energy. And when you have less regulated countries (china, India), it presents opportunities for locals to setup mining operations inside their locality, which then uses dirty energy, increasing carbon outputs.
The amount of carbon emissions per day (22,055,020 metric tons) that is above is obviously not very accurate when you account for these arbitrage opportunties. We know for a fact many of the largest mining colo's are situated near hydroelectric and Geothermal energy plants, which means that they are practically zero carbon emissions. Since we do not know the location of every miner, due to the decentralized unregulated nature of bitcoin, it is impossible to calculate how much of a reduction of tons of carbon we will get for that calculation.
But even if we are generous, and say 50% of all mining is done on renewables, that still leaves 11 million tons of carbon per day, a pretty staggering amount.
There is also much to hope for with scientists claiming we can be 100% renewable energy across the entire planet. Such as scientists setting to prove through empiracle data that it is feasible to convert the entire planet to 100% renewables. Though it is probably not realistic that this will happen quickly, or even at all. To give perspective, CFC's have been banned for decades and thought not in use for over a decade, yet recent data has shown levels are increasing. There will always be industry willing to destroy the world in the future for short term profit now.
We should also weigh the costs and benefits of this massive network. If bitcoin becomes adopted across the world as a currency, which if you look at places like Japan, it clearly is, then this will enable literal billions of people who are currently unbanked to join into the global financial ecosystem.
The personal financial soverignty that bitcoin brings is of incalcuable value. Whether the carbon emissions are worth these trade offs is a philosophical question that probably does not have an right or wrong answer.
Then we must also evaluate the carbon impact that the bitcoin network would have if cryptocurrencies were to replace traditional financial networks. There are some good analysis on the carbon footprint of banks, and bitcoin mining, coindesk has done several articles, see -
https://www.coindesk.com/microscope-conclusions-costs-bitcoin/
&
https://www.coindesk.com/microscope-true-costs-banking/
If we are properly to examine the impact that cryptocurrency carbon emissions have on society, then we should also examine the reduction of carbon that cryptocurrency networks will have upon the banking sector.
This site Claims AC & Heating results in 47.7 % of the entire USA's electricity usage. This example is just to present a understanding of how much energy these systems use.
How many Banks are there around the world that have their AC on 24/7? I can imagine just that number alone would lead to a staggering level of CO2 emissions. The coindesk article claims 591k bank branches around the world. The above aritcle claims 3.5k watts for a single central air unit. I had a family member that used to run a A/C business and I've been on top of many businesses. A bank will likely have several of those units to keep the place cool, I would estimate between 2-10 depending upon size.
In more good news, Bank branches are declining, and cryptocurrencies will only accelerate this. Lets hope that bitcoin is the amazon of retail brick and mortor closures.
In conclusion, there is a valid and rational concern as to the amount of power that the bitcoin network brings. And instead of being dismissive, we should recognize the incredible rate at which the bitcoin network is growing on an annual basis. From 4.3EHash to 31EHash over the last year, that is about a 8x fold increase.
Since we can assume that the majority of hashpower is coming online in the last year is likely newer models, these units should be at the current efficiencies. The estimates above should be roughly accurate based on this information.
This information will only be used by politicians and media congolmerates to spin a very bad negative impression of the bitcoin network. And you know what? Maybe they are right. Maybe bitcoin is growing into a massive CO2 producing beast that outweighs the benefits that it brings to society.
But how can we reach a consensus on this issue unless we, the hardcore bitcoiners and techophiles, bring the numbers into sunlight and discuss?
submitted by Cryptolution to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

ethtrader Glossary of Terms

I recently introduced a friend to our humble, little subreddit and they quickly pointed out that the language spoken here did not appear to be English. I suppose we do toss around a fair amount of acronyms, memes, and slang. I put together a quick glossary of terms for them and figured I should post it here in case any other new ethtraders can benefit from it:

Trading Related:

Crypto-currency related, but not really specific to Ethereum:

Terms more specific to Ethereum

Memes:

Any mistakes I made? Any terms you would add?
submitted by Basoosh to ethtrader [link] [comments]

Top 12 Cryptocurrencies Ranked by Risk-Adjusted Return

TL;DR: The Sharpe Ratio is an excellent tool to assess risk-adjusted return on an investment. 4 cryptocurrencies (Bitcoin, Dash, Monero, and Bitcoin Cash) all have Sharpe Ratio’s over 2, which signals a good investment per risk involved.

The Long Version

How many people have told you that cryptocurrencies are too risky? A fraud? A Ponzi Scheme?
Bitcoin has increased over 1,500% over the last year, but none of this is new. Cryptocurrencies have been on a tear unlike anything we have ever seen…just look at how it compares to the various bubbles of the past:
Full Disclosure: not calling it a bubble…just providing context!
Comparison of Bitcoin to Past Bubbles
But you…you are a savvy investor.
Outsized gains tell us nothing except something increased from a little to alot.

Total Returns are not adjusted for risk

Let’s take the following quiz…one is the right answer, but you won’t be graded for it.
Which of the following investments would you rather be in?
  1. Crypto A started at $1, went to $500, back down to $1, back up to $600
  2. Crypto B started at $1, went to $100, to $300, to $600
Both investments have the same return, but which would you choose?
I’ll give you some ti…oh you already have an answer? You choose #2?
Exactly.
Most investors look at total returns over various timeframes — one-day, one-month, one-year— when evaluating an investment. These returns are misleading since they aren’t adjusted for risk.
Just look at the example above —Crypto A made a massive return on the initial investment, but that does not mean it was a compelling investment opportunity.
“Using volatility as a measure of risk is nuts. Risk to us is 1) the risk of permanent loss of capital, or 2) the risk of inadequate return.” — Charlie Munger
If only there was a better way…

What is the Sharpe Ratio?

The ELI5 Version of the Sharpe Ratio
The Sharpe ratio is a measure used heavily in the finance world for calculating risk-adjusted returns.
The calculation solves the issue of misleading total returns by taking the average return earned above the risk-free rate per unit of volatility or total risk — an absolute measure of risk.
Investors can directly compare multiple investments and evaluate the amount of risk taken on to generate the same percentage points of return, which makes for a much fairer comparison.
While this does make for a much better comparison, you are smart and know that even though something may have a higher Sharpe Ratio, that does not indicate it is less volatile…the higher ratio actually indicated that the investment risk-to-reward profile is much better or proportional vs. another.
So for this article, I will show you how to implement the Sharpe Ratio in the wonderful world of cryptocurrencies.

Top Cryptocurrencies by Sharpe Ratio

With your new, sweet investment tool, you can calculate the Sharpe Ratios of top cryptocurrencies.
But because I love you (and to save time), I went ahead and did it for you:
Top 12 Cryptocurrencies by Sharpe Ratio
Not surprisingly, Bitcoin ranks as the top risk-adjusted earning cryptocurrency from the top 12. Even though Bitcoin is very volatile, the returns have matched the craziness.
What is interesting to me, is all the way at the bottom — our dear friend NEO, aka the “Chinese Ethereum”. A Sharpe Ratio of 0.03 in an industry of 1s, 2s, 3s, and a 4 is honestly…terrible. But a large portion of this is due to NEO stumbling out of the gate after getting listed on Bitfinex, with returns of -18%, -13%, and -24% in the first 10 days of trading.

My Gift to you — a tool to automatically calculate Sharpe Ratio

A post from me would not be complete without a tool for you to utilize what we just talked about.
The spreadsheet pulls in the top 12 cryptocurrencies from the Bitfinex exchange, and calculates the Sharpe Ratio for each.
The user can modify the risk free rate, calculations, and any of the currencies currently being pulled.
First time install
The tool is nice and simple to use. It requires about 2 minutes to setup, then after that you are good to go.
  1. Make of copy of the worksheet: Click Here
  2. Install the Spreadstreet Google Sheets Add-in
  3. Follow the instructions and log-in to the add-in
  4. Formulas in the sheet should update

RESOURCES

Download the add-in: https://spreadstreet.io/tools/google-sheets-add-in
Help: https://spreadstreet.io/docs
First time install and login:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLjtPR4T2bg
Bitfinex Candles endpoint help: https://spreadstreet.io/knowledge-base/bitfinex-api-candles-endpoint/

RELATED POSTS

A Super Simple Cryptocurrency Arbitrage Spreadsheet for Finding Mismatched Prices
10 Statistical Price Predictions for 10 Cryptocurrencies
High-Flyers and Shitcoins: What I Learned from Analyzing CoinMarketCap Data in Google Sheets
7 Smart Ethereum Price Prediction Methods for HODL’ers

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

John Young is the founder of Spreadstreet.io, former Financial Analyst for a big-ass company, and runner-up in the 6th grade spelling bee. He would have invested in Google if he knew about it...and had any money.
He is the author of the Spreadstreet blog, which has over 3 readers (not a typo). He hopes to hit 10, but honestly writing is a lot of work.
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10 Statistical Price Predictions for 10 Cryptocurrencies — January 2018

TL;DR: I simulated a 1-year movement of 10 top cryptocurrencies using an advanced statistical method called geometric Brownian motion, which you can find below. I also created a spreadsheet to simulate prices of ~24 different cryptocurrencies, which you can download here: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1eUIgBowJs2NyKw7kYbx5z_VeCOxsMQdNELfbngs4XnY/copy. The sheet utilizes a paid add-in, which I provide free of cost to those who are less fortunate.

THE MYSTERY OF PRICE MOVEMENT

So, you’re sitting at your computer with money to invest.
You have made some good money already in the market, but you want more.
Cryptocurrencies have reached a record $600 billion in market value after the recovery, with the inevitable $700 billion mark right around the corner.
The price movement of top currencies remains a mystery. But it doesn’t have to be.

THE PAIN OF UNCERTAINTY

Cryptocurrencies are volatile, irrational beasts.
Simple methods of forecasting grossly oveunderestimate the potential of a volatile currency.
For example, moving averages are used frequently to estimate future prices. Moving averages, however, suffer from many pitfalls that make them poor estimators of volatile markets.
Every great and successful investor has a plan. You will add one more tool to your arsenal today.

A BETTER METHOD FOR ESTIMATING CRYPTO PRICES

In my prior article about estimating the movement of Bitcoin Prices, I spoke of a method that is used frequently in the stock world to estimate prices.
This method is a Monte Carlo simulation using the geometric Brownian motion model.
I won’t cover off on the full methodology here, but essentially I am going to:
  1. Get historical daily prices for 10 top cryptocurrencies
  2. Calculate daily returns
  3. Simulate a year
  4. Simulate a year many times
By the end of the article, you will have the following:
A note on forecasting, simulations, and recommendations: Monte Carlo simulations are to be used as guidelines and tools, not as gospel. I am not offering financial or investing advice.

BITCOIN

What is Bitcoin?

You know what Bitcoin is, stop it.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Bitcoin Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Bitcoin Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Bitcoin prices will fall between $9,095, and $371,588 with a median of $60,837.

BITCOIN CASH

What is Bitcoin Cash?

From the Bitcoin Cash project website:
“Bitcoin Cash is peer-to-peer electronic cash for the Internet. It is fully decentralized, with no central bank and requires no trusted third parties to operate.”
Really, it was an additional currency that was created after a fork from Bitcoin core.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Bitcoin Cash Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Bitcoin Cash Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Bitcoin Cash prices will fall between $197, and $180,288 with a median of $4,839.

ETHEREUM

What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third party interference.
Ethereum has been busy recently. Multiple steps have been pushed in motion for the upcoming large change — reaching a new consensus method.
From Jordan Daniel at ethnews.com:
Ethereum’s Byzantium hard fork was only one half of a two-part process designed to transition the decentralized application platform to a new method for reaching consensus — proof-of-stake. The next hard fork, called Constantinople, was recently discussed during an Ethereum core developer meeting and could include Vitalik Buterin’s Casper update.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Ethereum Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Ethereum Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Ethereum prices will fall between $193, and $8,027 with a median of $1,267.

EOS

What is EOS?

EOS is a blockchain-based, decentralized operating system, designed to support commercial-scale decentralized applications by providing all of the necessary core functionality, enabling businesses to build blockchain applications in a way similar to web-based applications.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of EOS Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year EOS Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that EOS prices will fall between $0.98, and $1,386 with a median of $33.

LITECOIN

What is Litecoin?

Litecoin’s claim to fame is faster transaction processing times. It uses a scrypt-based mining proof-of-work algorithm to target the regular computers and GPUs most people already have.
The ability to target regular computers and GPU’s happens to be a huge differentiator from the crowded mining population of Bitcoin.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Litecoin Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Litecoin Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Litecoin prices will fall between $42, and $12,241 with a median of $745.

OMISEGO

What is OmiseGO?

OmiseGO is building a couple of things:
  1. Decentralized exchange
  2. Liquidity provider mechanism
  3. Clearinghouse messaging network
  4. Asset-backed blockchain gateway
OmiseGO is not owned by any single one party. Instead, it is an open distributed network of validators which enforce behavior of all participants.
According to Blocknight:
Also, OmiseGo counts Vitalik Buterin (Ethereum), and Joseph Poon (Lightning Network Co Author) among their advisers. Joseph Poon is actually billed as author of the OmiseGo whitepaper.
Those are some pretty big names.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of OmiseGO Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year OmiseGO Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that OmiseGO prices will fall between $0.62, and $185.35 with a median of $8.56.

NEO

What is NEO?

NEO (formerly known as AntShares) is a smart asset platform and the first open source public blockchain project in China. Smart assets are the combination of smart blockchain contracts and digital assets.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of NEO Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year NEO Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that NEO prices will fall between $3, and $3,076 with a median of $115.

RIPPLE

What is Ripple?

Ripple is a system created for banks to enable immediate payments and lower costs.
The vision of the Ripple creators is to allow a bank transfer in a few seconds (instead of the horribly annoying 2–3 business days).
Of note, is that Ripple is a U.S. based company. From the xrphodor blog:
Ripple is a US-based company.
Why is this an important point to consider? A US-based company like Ripple is subject to some very stringent laws regarding securities trading and money transmission. These include requirements that define how Ripple might interact with crypto markets and both institutional and retail crypto traders.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Ripple Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Ripple Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Ripple prices will fall between $0.05, and $163 with a median of $2.71.

MONERO

What is Monero?

Monero attempts to solve privacy and fungibility issues that persist in Bitcoin.
Part of the algorithm for Monero automatically mixes transactions with previous transactions and does this by implementing ring signatures.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of Monero Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year Monero Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Monero prices will fall between $68, and $8,142 with a median of $760.

Zcash

What is Zcash?

From the Blockchainhub infographic:
Zcash is a permissionless cryptocurrency that can fully protect the privacy of transactions using zero-knowledge cryptography.

One-Year Simulation

1-Year Simulation of ZCash Prices and Returns

One-Year Simulated 1,000 Times

1-Year ZCash Prices Simulated 1,000 times

Verdict

We can be 95% certain that Zcash prices will fall between $54, and $6,259 with a median of $549.

YOUR VERY OWN FORECASTING TOOL

Since i’m so nice, I went ahead and created a forecasting tool for you to use:
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1eUIgBowJs2NyKw7kYbx5z_VeCOxsMQdNELfbngs4XnY/copy

SERVICES USED:

  1. Google Sheets
  2. Spreadstreet Google Sheets Add-in
  3. StockTwits
  4. CoinMarketCap API
Full disclosure: The google sheets add-in is a 14-day free trial, and $15 per month after. However, no one should be refused access on the basis of money (especially true for students and less fortunate). Send me a message, and I will make sure you are not left in the dark.

A NOTE ON SECURITY

Users have expressed hesitation about running a google sheets add-in on their main computer, so I will attempt to ease those concerns:

WHAT IT PULLS:

GETTING THE SPREADSHEET TO WORK FOR YOU

Install the Spreadstreet add-in for Google Sheets
Get sheet ready for use with the add-in
After logging into the add-in, change the dropdown reference

TROUBLESHOOTING

  1. Important Open the template, click the menu Add-ons / Spreadstreet / Help / View in store, and then click Manage and in the dropdown menu click “Use in this document.”
  2. A reload of the entire worksheet fixes quite a few problems.
  3. Deleting and re-pasting the formula in A1 of the “Candles” tab fixes things as well.
  4. If all else fails, drop me a message
  5. The “SELECT CURRENCY” cell in the Analysis tab (B3) refreshes the pull. Change the results for new data.
When I try and change a coin, I get a #DIV/0 error
Login to the Spreadstreet add-in, and keep the window open. Try changing the dropdown again.
I have tried logging in, activating the template with “Use in this document” and refreshed the sheet…still nothing.
Head to the “Data” tab. Delete the formula in cell A1, and repaste the following: =SS(“candles-bitfinex”, ticker, “1D”, “hist”, true, “”, “”, “”, “0”)

CONCLUSION

Whether you are investing in Bitcoin, Ethereum, or SpankCoin, it is imperative to have a plan. Most notably, a worst-case scenario.
The Monte Carlo simulation is a fantastic way to get a range of prices for a cryptocurrency. And after reading this, you can see how the final values change drastically depending on what you are looking at.
I urge you to download the sheet and try your own hand at simulating different coins. The sheet is setup to pull in every single coin from CoinMarketCap.
Cheers, and happy hunting
Original article can be found here: https://medium.com/@spreadstreet/10-statistical-price-predictions-for-10-cryptocurrencies-january-2018-3dcf04bf9d9a

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