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Comparison between Avalanche, Cosmos and Polkadot

Comparison between Avalanche, Cosmos and Polkadot
Reposting after was mistakenly removed by mods (since resolved - Thanks)
A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important.
For better formatting see https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b
https://preview.redd.it/e8s7dj3ivpq51.png?width=428&format=png&auto=webp&s=5d0463462702637118c7527ebf96e91f4a80b290

Overview

Cosmos

Cosmos is a heterogeneous network of many independent parallel blockchains, each powered by classical BFT consensus algorithms like Tendermint. Developers can easily build custom application specific blockchains, called Zones, through the Cosmos SDK framework. These Zones connect to Hubs, which are specifically designed to connect zones together.
The vision of Cosmos is to have thousands of Zones and Hubs that are Interoperable through the Inter-Blockchain Communication Protocol (IBC). Cosmos can also connect to other systems through peg zones, which are specifically designed zones that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Cosmos does not use Sharding with each Zone and Hub being sovereign with their own validator set.
For a more in-depth look at Cosmos and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Cosmos on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)

Polkadot

Polkadot is a heterogeneous blockchain protocol that connects multiple specialised blockchains into one unified network. It achieves scalability through a sharding infrastructure with multiple blockchains running in parallel, called parachains, that connect to a central chain called the Relay Chain. Developers can easily build custom application specific parachains through the Substrate development framework.
The relay chain validates the state transition of connected parachains, providing shared state across the entire ecosystem. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. This is to ensure that the validity of the entire system can persist, and no individual part is corruptible. The shared state makes it so that the trust assumptions when using parachains are only those of the Relay Chain validator set, and no other. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. The hope is to have 100 parachains connect to the relay chain.
For a more in-depth look at Polkadot and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Polkadot on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)

Avalanche

Avalanche is a platform of platforms, ultimately consisting of thousands of subnets to form a heterogeneous interoperable network of many blockchains, that takes advantage of the revolutionary Avalanche Consensus protocols to provide a secure, globally distributed, interoperable and trustless framework offering unprecedented decentralisation whilst being able to comply with regulatory requirements.
Avalanche allows anyone to create their own tailor-made application specific blockchains, supporting multiple custom virtual machines such as EVM and WASM and written in popular languages like Go (with others coming in the future) rather than lightly used, poorly-understood languages like Solidity. This virtual machine can then be deployed on a custom blockchain network, called a subnet, which consist of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance.
Avalanche was built with serving financial markets in mind. It has native support for easily creating and trading digital smart assets with complex custom rule sets that define how the asset is handled and traded to ensure regulatory compliance can be met. Interoperability is enabled between blockchains within a subnet as well as between subnets. Like Cosmos and Polkadot, Avalanche is also able to connect to other systems through bridges, through custom virtual machines made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin.
For a more in-depth look at Avalanche and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see here and here
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Avalanche on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)

Comparison between Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche

A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions. I want to stress that it’s not a case of one platform being the killer of all other platforms, far from it. There won’t be one platform to rule them all, and too often the tribalism has plagued this space. Blockchains are going to completely revolutionise most industries and have a profound effect on the world we know today. It’s still very early in this space with most adoption limited to speculation and trading mainly due to the limitations of Blockchain and current iteration of Ethereum, which all three of these platforms hope to address. For those who just want a quick summary see the image at the bottom of the article. With that said let’s have a look

Scalability

Cosmos

Each Zone and Hub in Cosmos is capable of up to around 1000 transactions per second with bandwidth being the bottleneck in consensus. Cosmos aims to have thousands of Zones and Hubs all connected through IBC. There is no limit on the number of Zones / Hubs that can be created

Polkadot

Parachains in Polkadot are also capable of up to around 1500 transactions per second. A portion of the parachain slots on the Relay Chain will be designated as part of the parathread pool, the performance of a parachain is split between many parathreads offering lower performance and compete amongst themselves in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. The number of parachains is limited by the number of validators on the relay chain, they hope to be able to achieve 100 parachains.

Avalanche

Avalanche is capable of around 4500 transactions per second per subnet, this is based on modest hardware requirements to ensure maximum decentralisation of just 2 CPU cores and 4 GB of Memory and with a validator size of over 2,000 nodes. Performance is CPU-bound and if higher performance is required then more specialised subnets can be created with higher minimum requirements to be able to achieve 10,000 tps+ in a subnet. Avalanche aims to have thousands of subnets (each with multiple virtual machines / blockchains) all interoperable with each other. There is no limit on the number of Subnets that can be created.

Results

All three platforms offer vastly superior performance to the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum 1.0. Avalanche with its higher transactions per second, no limit on the number of subnets / blockchains that can be created and the consensus can scale to potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot claims to offer more tps than cosmos, but is limited to the number of parachains (around 100) whereas with Cosmos there is no limit on the number of hubs / zones that can be created. Cosmos is limited to a fairly small validator size of around 200 before performance degrades whereas Polkadot hopes to be able to reach 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit only a small number of validators are assigned to each parachain). Thus Cosmos and Polkadot scores ✅✅
https://preview.redd.it/2o0brllyvpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=8f62bb696ecaafcf6184da005d5fe0129d504518

Decentralisation

Cosmos

Tendermint consensus is limited to around 200 validators before performance starts to degrade. Whilst there is the Cosmos Hub it is one of many hubs in the network and there is no central hub or limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created.

Polkadot

Polkadot has 1000 validators in the relay chain and these are split up into a small number that validate each parachain (minimum of 14). The relay chain is a central point of failure as all parachains connect to it and the number of parachains is limited depending on the number of validators (they hope to achieve 100 parachains). Due to the limited number of parachain slots available, significant sums of DOT will need to be purchased to win an auction to lease the slot for up to 24 months at a time. Thus likely to lead to only those with enough funds to secure a parachain slot. Parathreads are however an alternative for those that require less and more varied performance for those that can’t secure a parachain slot.

Avalanche

Avalanche consensus scan scale to tens of thousands of validators, even potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus through repeated sub-sampling. The more validators, the faster the network becomes as the load is split between them. There are modest hardware requirements so anyone can run a node and there is no limit on the number of subnets / virtual machines that can be created.

Results

Avalanche offers unparalleled decentralisation using its revolutionary consensus protocols that can scale to millions of validators all participating in consensus at the same time. There is no limit to the number of subnets and virtual machines that can be created, and they can be created by anyone for a small fee, it scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is limited to 200 validators but no limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created, which anyone can create and scores ✅✅. Polkadot hopes to accommodate 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit these are split amongst each of the parachains). The number of parachains is limited and maybe cost prohibitive for many and the relay chain is a ultimately a single point of failure. Whilst definitely not saying it’s centralised and it is more decentralised than many others, just in comparison between the three, it scores ✅
https://preview.redd.it/ckfamee0wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=c4355f145d821fabf7785e238dbc96a5f5ce2846

Latency

Cosmos

Tendermint consensus used in Cosmos reaches finality within 6 seconds. Cosmos consists of many Zones and Hubs that connect to each other. Communication between 2 zones could pass through many hubs along the way, thus also can contribute to latency times depending on the path taken as explained in part two of the articles on Cosmos. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.

Polkadot

Polkadot provides a Hybrid consensus protocol consisting of Block producing protocol, BABE, and then a finality gadget called GRANDPA that works to agree on a chain, out of many possible forks, by following some simpler fork choice rule. Rather than voting on every block, instead it reaches agreements on chains. As soon as more than 2/3 of validators attest to a chain containing a certain block, all blocks leading up to that one are finalized at once.
If an invalid block is detected after it has been finalised then the relay chain would need to be reverted along with every parachain. This is particularly important when connecting to external blockchains as those don’t share the state of the relay chain and thus can’t be rolled back. The longer the time period, the more secure the network is, as there is more time for additional checks to be performed and reported but at the expense of finality. Finality is reached within 60 seconds between parachains but for external ecosystems like Ethereum their state obviously can’t be rolled back like a parachain and so finality will need to be much longer (60 minutes was suggested in the whitepaper) and discussed in more detail in part three

Avalanche

Avalanche consensus achieves finality within 3 seconds, with most happening sub 1 second, immutable and completely irreversible. Any subnet can connect directly to another without having to go through multiple hops and any VM can talk to another VM within the same subnet as well as external subnets. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.

Results

With regards to performance far too much emphasis is just put on tps as a metric, the other equally important metric, if not more important with regards to finance is latency. Throughput measures the amount of data at any given time that it can handle whereas latency is the amount of time it takes to perform an action. It’s pointless saying you can process more transactions per second than VISA when it takes 60 seconds for a transaction to complete. Low latency also greatly increases general usability and customer satisfaction, nowadays everyone expects card payments, online payments to happen instantly. Avalanche achieves the best results scoring ✅✅✅, Cosmos with comes in second with 6 second finality ✅✅ and Polkadot with 60 second finality (which may be 60 minutes for external blockchains) scores ✅
https://preview.redd.it/kzup5x42wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=320eb4c25dc4fc0f443a7a2f7ff09567871648cd

Shared Security

Cosmos

Every Zone and Hub in Cosmos has their own validator set and different trust assumptions. Cosmos are researching a shared security model where a Hub can validate the state of connected zones for a fee but not released yet. Once available this will make shared security optional rather than mandatory.

Polkadot

Shared Security is mandatory with Polkadot which uses a Shared State infrastructure between the Relay Chain and all of the connected parachains. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. Every parachain makes the same trust assumptions, and as such the relay chain validates state transition and enables seamless interoperability between them. In return for this benefit, they have to purchase DOT and win an auction for one of the available parachain slots.
However, parachains can’t just rely on the relay chain for their security, they will also need to implement censorship resistance measures and utilise proof of work / proof of stake for each parachain as well as discussed in part three, thus parachains can’t just rely on the security of the relay chain, they need to ensure sybil resistance mechanisms using POW and POS are implemented on the parachain as well.

Avalanche

A subnet in Avalanche consists of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. So unlike in Cosmos where each zone / hub has their own validators, A subnet can validate a single or many virtual machines / blockchains with a single validator set. Shared security is optional

Results

Shared security is mandatory in polkadot and a key design decision in its infrastructure. The relay chain validates the state transition of all connected parachains and thus scores ✅✅✅. Subnets in Avalanche can validate state of either a single or many virtual machines. Each subnet can have their own token and shares a validator set, where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. It scores ✅ ✅. Every Zone and Hub in cosmos has their own validator set / token but research is underway to have the hub validate the state transition of connected zones, but as this is still early in the research phase scores ✅ for now.
https://preview.redd.it/pbgyk3o3wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=61c18e12932a250f5633c40633810d0f64520575

Current Adoption

Cosmos

The Cosmos project started in 2016 with an ICO held in April 2017. There are currently around 50 projects building on the Cosmos SDK with a full list can be seen here and filtering for Cosmos SDK . Not all of the projects will necessarily connect using native cosmos sdk and IBC and some have forked parts of the Cosmos SDK and utilise the tendermint consensus such as Binance Chain but have said they will connect in the future.

Polkadot

The Polkadot project started in 2016 with an ICO held in October 2017. There are currently around 70 projects building on Substrate and a full list can be seen here and filtering for Substrate Based. Like with Cosmos not all projects built using substrate will necessarily connect to Polkadot and parachains or parathreads aren’t currently implemented in either the Live or Test network (Kusama) as of the time of this writing.

Avalanche

Avalanche in comparison started much later with Ava Labs being founded in 2018. Avalanche held it’s ICO in July 2020. Due to lot shorter time it has been in development, the number of projects confirmed are smaller with around 14 projects currently building on Avalanche. Due to the customisability of the platform though, many virtual machines can be used within a subnet making the process incredibly easy to port projects over. As an example, it will launch with the Ethereum Virtual Machine which enables byte for byte compatibility and all the tooling like Metamask, Truffle etc. will work, so projects can easily move over to benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. In the future Cosmos and Substrate virtual machines could be implemented on Avalanche.

Results

Whilst it’s still early for all 3 projects (and the entire blockchain space as a whole), there is currently more projects confirmed to be building on Cosmos and Polkadot, mostly due to their longer time in development. Whilst Cosmos has fewer projects, zones are implemented compared to Polkadot which doesn’t currently have parachains. IBC to connect zones and hubs together is due to launch Q2 2021, thus both score ✅✅✅. Avalanche has been in development for a lot shorter time period, but is launching with an impressive feature set right from the start with ability to create subnets, VMs, assets, NFTs, permissioned and permissionless blockchains, cross chain atomic swaps within a subnet, smart contracts, bridge to Ethereum etc. Applications can easily port over from other platforms and use all the existing tooling such as Metamask / Truffle etc but benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. Currently though just based on the number of projects in comparison it scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/4zpi6s85wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=e91ade1a86a5d50f4976f3b23a46e9287b08e373

Enterprise Adoption

Cosmos

Cosmos enables permissioned and permissionless zones which can connect to each other with the ability to have full control over who validates the blockchain. For permissionless zones each zone / hub can have their own token and they are in control who validates.

Polkadot

With polkadot the state transition is performed by a small randomly selected assigned group of validators from the relay chain plus with the possibility that state is rolled back if an invalid transaction of any of the other parachains is found. This may pose a problem for enterprises that need complete control over who performs validation for regulatory reasons. In addition due to the limited number of parachain slots available Enterprises would have to acquire and lock up large amounts of a highly volatile asset (DOT) and have the possibility that they are outbid in future auctions and find they no longer can have their parachain validated and parathreads don’t provide the guaranteed performance requirements for the application to function.

Avalanche

Avalanche enables permissioned and permissionless subnets and complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. For example a subnet can be created where its mandatory that all validators are from a certain legal jurisdiction, or they hold a specific license and regulated by the SEC etc. Subnets are also able to scale to tens of thousands of validators, and even potentially millions of nodes, all participating in consensus so every enterprise can run their own node rather than only a small amount. Enterprises don’t have to hold large amounts of a highly volatile asset, but instead pay a fee in AVAX for the creation of the subnets and blockchains which is burnt.

Results

Avalanche provides the customisability to run private permissioned blockchains as well as permissionless where the enterprise is in control over who validates the blockchain, with the ability to use complex rulesets to meet regulatory compliance, thus scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is also able to run permissioned and permissionless zones / hubs so enterprises have full control over who validates a blockchain and scores ✅✅. Polkadot requires locking up large amounts of a highly volatile asset with the possibility of being outbid by competitors and being unable to run the application if the guaranteed performance is required and having to migrate away. The relay chain validates the state transition and can roll back the parachain should an invalid block be detected on another parachain, thus scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/li5jy6u6wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=e2a95f1f88e5efbcf9e23c789ae0f002c8eb73fc

Interoperability

Cosmos

Cosmos will connect Hubs and Zones together through its IBC protocol (due to release in Q1 2020). Connecting to blockchains outside of the Cosmos ecosystem would either require the connected blockchain to fork their code to implement IBC or more likely a custom “Peg Zone” will be created specific to work with a particular blockchain it’s trying to bridge to such as Ethereum etc. Each Zone and Hub has different trust levels and connectivity between 2 zones can have different trust depending on which path it takes (this is discussed more in this article). Finality time is low at 6 seconds, but depending on the number of hops, this can increase significantly.

Polkadot

Polkadot’s shared state means each parachain that connects shares the same trust assumptions, of the relay chain validators and that if one blockchain needs to be reverted, all of them will need to be reverted. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Finality time between parachains is around 60 seconds, but longer will be needed (initial figures of 60 minutes in the whitepaper) for connecting to external blockchains. Thus limiting the appeal of connecting two external ecosystems together through Polkadot. Polkadot is also limited in the number of Parachain slots available, thus limiting the amount of blockchains that can be bridged. Parathreads could be used for lower performance bridges, but the speed of future blockchains is only going to increase.

Avalanche

A subnet can validate multiple virtual machines / blockchains and all blockchains within a subnet share the same trust assumptions / validator set, enabling cross chain interoperability. Interoperability is also possible between any other subnet, with the hope Avalanche will consist of thousands of subnets. Each subnet may have a different trust level, but as the primary network consists of all validators then this can be used as a source of trust if required. As Avalanche supports many virtual machines, bridges to other ecosystems are created by running the connected virtual machine. There will be an Ethereum bridge using the EVM shortly after mainnet. Finality time is much faster at sub 3 seconds (with most happening under 1 second) with no chance of rolling back so more appealing when connecting to external blockchains.

Results

All 3 systems are able to perform interoperability within their ecosystem and transfer assets as well as data, as well as use bridges to connect to external blockchains. Cosmos has different trust levels between its zones and hubs and can create issues depending on which path it takes and additional latency added. Polkadot provides the same trust assumptions for all connected parachains but has long finality and limited number of parachain slots available. Avalanche provides the same trust assumptions for all blockchains within a subnet, and different trust levels between subnets. However due to the primary network consisting of all validators it can be used for trust. Avalanche also has a much faster finality time with no limitation on the number of blockchains / subnets / bridges that can be created. Overall all three blockchains excel with interoperability within their ecosystem and each score ✅✅.
https://preview.redd.it/ai0bkbq8wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=3e85ee6a3c4670f388ccea00b0c906c3fb51e415

Tokenomics

Cosmos

The ATOM token is the native token for the Cosmos Hub. It is commonly mistaken by people that think it’s the token used throughout the cosmos ecosystem, whereas it’s just used for one of many hubs in Cosmos, each with their own token. Currently ATOM has little utility as IBC isn’t released and has no connections to other zones / hubs. Once IBC is released zones may prefer to connect to a different hub instead and so ATOM is not used. ATOM isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for ATOM as of the time of this writing is $1 Billion with 203 million circulating supply. Rewards can be earnt through staking to offset the dilution caused by inflation. Delegators can also get slashed and lose a portion of their ATOM should the validator misbehave.

Polkadot

Polkadot’s native token is DOT and it’s used to secure the Relay Chain. Each parachain needs to acquire sufficient DOT to win an auction on an available parachain lease period of up to 24 months at a time. Parathreads have a fixed fee for registration that would realistically be much lower than the cost of acquiring a parachain slot and compete with other parathreads in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. DOT isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for DOT as of the time of this writing is $4.4 Billion with 852 million circulating supply. Delegators can also get slashed and lose their DOT (potentially 100% of their DOT for serious attacks) should the validator misbehave.

Avalanche

AVAX is the native token for the primary network in Avalanche. Every validator of any subnet also has to validate the primary network and stake a minimum of 2000 AVAX. There is no limit to the number of validators like other consensus methods then this can cater for tens of thousands even potentially millions of validators. As every validator validates the primary network, this can be a source of trust for interoperability between subnets as well as connecting to other ecosystems, thus increasing amount of transaction fees of AVAX. There is no slashing in Avalanche, so there is no risk to lose your AVAX when selecting a validator, instead rewards earnt for staking can be slashed should the validator misbehave. Because Avalanche doesn’t have direct slashing, it is technically possible for someone to both stake AND deliver tokens for something like a flash loan, under the invariant that all tokens that are staked are returned, thus being able to make profit with staked tokens outside of staking itself.
There will also be a separate subnet for Athereum which is a ‘spoon,’ or friendly fork, of Ethereum, which benefits from the Avalanche consensus protocol and applications in the Ethereum ecosystem. It’s native token ATH will be airdropped to ETH holders as well as potentially AVAX holders as well. This can be done for other blockchains as well.
Transaction fees on the primary network for all 3 of the blockchains as well as subscription fees for creating a subnet and blockchain are paid in AVAX and are burnt, creating deflationary pressure. AVAX is a fixed capped supply of 720 million tokens, creating scarcity rather than an unlimited supply which continuously increase of tokens at a compounded rate each year like others. Initially there will be 360 tokens minted at Mainnet with vesting periods between 1 and 10 years, with tokens gradually unlocking each quarter. The Circulating supply is 24.5 million AVAX with tokens gradually released each quater. The current market cap of AVAX is around $100 million.

Results

Avalanche’s AVAX with its fixed capped supply, deflationary pressure, very strong utility, potential to receive air drops and low market cap, means it scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot’s DOT also has very strong utility with the need for auctions to acquire parachain slots, but has no deflationary mechanisms, no fixed capped supply and already valued at $3.8 billion, therefore scores ✅✅. Cosmos’s ATOM token is only for the Cosmos Hub, of which there will be many hubs in the ecosystem and has very little utility currently. (this may improve once IBC is released and if Cosmos hub actually becomes the hub that people want to connect to and not something like Binance instead. There is no fixed capped supply and currently valued at $1.1 Billion, so scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/mels7myawpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=df9782e2c0a4c26b61e462746256bdf83b1fb906
All three are excellent projects and have similarities as well as many differences. Just to reiterate this article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions, you may have different criteria which is important to you, and score them differently. There won’t be one platform to rule them all however, with some uses cases better suited to one platform over another, and it’s not a zero-sum game. Blockchain is going to completely revolutionize industries and the Internet itself. The more projects researching and delivering breakthrough technology the better, each learning from each other and pushing each other to reach that goal earlier. The current market is a tiny speck of what’s in store in terms of value and adoption and it’s going to be exciting to watch it unfold.
https://preview.redd.it/dbb99egcwpq51.png?width=1388&format=png&auto=webp&s=aeb03127dc0dc74d0507328e899db1c7d7fc2879
For more information see the articles below (each with additional sources at the bottom of their articles)
Avalanche, a Revolutionary Consensus Engine and Platform. A Game Changer for Blockchain
Avalanche Consensus, The Biggest Breakthrough since Nakamoto
Cosmos — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part One
Cosmos — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Two
Cosmos Hub ATOM Token and the commonly misunderstood staking tokens — Part Three
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part One — Overview and Benefits
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Two — How Consensus Works
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Three — Limitations and Issues
submitted by xSeq22x to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

[ CryptoCurrency ] Comparison between Avalanche, Cosmos and Polkadot

[ 🔴 DELETED 🔴 ] Topic originally posted in CryptoCurrency by xSeq22x [link]
A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important.
For better formatting see https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b
https://preview.redd.it/lg16iwk2dhq51.png?width=428&format=png&auto=webp&s=6c899ee69800dd6c5e2900d8fa83de7a43c57086

Overview

Cosmos

Cosmos is a heterogeneous network of many independent parallel blockchains, each powered by classical BFT consensus algorithms like Tendermint. Developers can easily build custom application specific blockchains, called Zones, through the Cosmos SDK framework. These Zones connect to Hubs, which are specifically designed to connect zones together.
The vision of Cosmos is to have thousands of Zones and Hubs that are Interoperable through the Inter-Blockchain Communication Protocol (IBC). Cosmos can also connect to other systems through peg zones, which are specifically designed zones that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Cosmos does not use Sharding with each Zone and Hub being sovereign with their own validator set.
For a more in-depth look at Cosmos and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
https://youtu.be/Eb8xkDi_PUg

Polkadot

Polkadot is a heterogeneous blockchain protocol that connects multiple specialised blockchains into one unified network. It achieves scalability through a sharding infrastructure with multiple blockchains running in parallel, called parachains, that connect to a central chain called the Relay Chain. Developers can easily build custom application specific parachains through the Substrate development framework.
The relay chain validates the state transition of connected parachains, providing shared state across the entire ecosystem. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. This is to ensure that the validity of the entire system can persist, and no individual part is corruptible. The shared state makes it so that the trust assumptions when using parachains are only those of the Relay Chain validator set, and no other. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. The hope is to have 100 parachains connect to the relay chain.
For a more in-depth look at Polkadot and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
https://youtu.be/_-k0xkooSlA

Avalanche

Avalanche is a platform of platforms, ultimately consisting of thousands of subnets to form a heterogeneous interoperable network of many blockchains, that takes advantage of the revolutionary Avalanche Consensus protocols to provide a secure, globally distributed, interoperable and trustless framework offering unprecedented decentralisation whilst being able to comply with regulatory requirements.
Avalanche allows anyone to create their own tailor-made application specific blockchains, supporting multiple custom virtual machines such as EVM and WASM and written in popular languages like Go (with others coming in the future) rather than lightly used, poorly-understood languages like Solidity. This virtual machine can then be deployed on a custom blockchain network, called a subnet, which consist of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance.
Avalanche was built with serving financial markets in mind. It has native support for easily creating and trading digital smart assets with complex custom rule sets that define how the asset is handled and traded to ensure regulatory compliance can be met. Interoperability is enabled between blockchains within a subnet as well as between subnets. Like Cosmos and Polkadot, Avalanche is also able to connect to other systems through bridges, through custom virtual machines made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin.
For a more in-depth look at Avalanche and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see here and here
https://youtu.be/mWBzFmzzBAg

Comparison between Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche

A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions. I want to stress that it’s not a case of one platform being the killer of all other platforms, far from it. There won’t be one platform to rule them all, and too often the tribalism has plagued this space. Blockchains are going to completely revolutionise most industries and have a profound effect on the world we know today. It’s still very early in this space with most adoption limited to speculation and trading mainly due to the limitations of Blockchain and current iteration of Ethereum, which all three of these platforms hope to address. For those who just want a quick summary see the image at the bottom of the article. With that said let’s have a look

Scalability

Cosmos

Each Zone and Hub in Cosmos is capable of up to around 1000 transactions per second with bandwidth being the bottleneck in consensus. Cosmos aims to have thousands of Zones and Hubs all connected through IBC. There is no limit on the number of Zones / Hubs that can be created

Polkadot

Parachains in Polkadot are also capable of up to around 1500 transactions per second. A portion of the parachain slots on the Relay Chain will be designated as part of the parathread pool, the performance of a parachain is split between many parathreads offering lower performance and compete amongst themselves in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. The number of parachains is limited by the number of validators on the relay chain, they hope to be able to achieve 100 parachains.

Avalanche

Avalanche is capable of around 4500 transactions per second per subnet, this is based on modest hardware requirements to ensure maximum decentralisation of just 2 CPU cores and 4 GB of Memory and with a validator size of over 2,000 nodes. Performance is CPU-bound and if higher performance is required then more specialised subnets can be created with higher minimum requirements to be able to achieve 10,000 tps+ in a subnet. Avalanche aims to have thousands of subnets (each with multiple virtual machines / blockchains) all interoperable with each other. There is no limit on the number of Subnets that can be created.

Results

All three platforms offer vastly superior performance to the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum 1.0. Avalanche with its higher transactions per second, no limit on the number of subnets / blockchains that can be created and the consensus can scale to potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot claims to offer more tps than cosmos, but is limited to the number of parachains (around 100) whereas with Cosmos there is no limit on the number of hubs / zones that can be created. Cosmos is limited to a fairly small validator size of around 200 before performance degrades whereas Polkadot hopes to be able to reach 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit only a small number of validators are assigned to each parachain). Thus Cosmos and Polkadot scores ✅✅
https://preview.redd.it/ththwq5qdhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=92f75152c90d984911db88ed174ebf3a147ca70d

Decentralisation

Cosmos

Tendermint consensus is limited to around 200 validators before performance starts to degrade. Whilst there is the Cosmos Hub it is one of many hubs in the network and there is no central hub or limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created.

Polkadot

Polkadot has 1000 validators in the relay chain and these are split up into a small number that validate each parachain (minimum of 14). The relay chain is a central point of failure as all parachains connect to it and the number of parachains is limited depending on the number of validators (they hope to achieve 100 parachains). Due to the limited number of parachain slots available, significant sums of DOT will need to be purchased to win an auction to lease the slot for up to 24 months at a time. Thus likely to lead to only those with enough funds to secure a parachain slot. Parathreads are however an alternative for those that require less and more varied performance for those that can’t secure a parachain slot.

Avalanche

Avalanche consensus scan scale to tens of thousands of validators, even potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus through repeated sub-sampling. The more validators, the faster the network becomes as the load is split between them. There are modest hardware requirements so anyone can run a node and there is no limit on the number of subnets / virtual machines that can be created.

Results

Avalanche offers unparalleled decentralisation using its revolutionary consensus protocols that can scale to millions of validators all participating in consensus at the same time. There is no limit to the number of subnets and virtual machines that can be created, and they can be created by anyone for a small fee, it scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is limited to 200 validators but no limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created, which anyone can create and scores ✅✅. Polkadot hopes to accommodate 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit these are split amongst each of the parachains). The number of parachains is limited and maybe cost prohibitive for many and the relay chain is a ultimately a single point of failure. Whilst definitely not saying it’s centralised and it is more decentralised than many others, just in comparison between the three, it scores ✅
https://preview.redd.it/lv2h7g9sdhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=56eada6e8c72dbb4406d7c5377ad15608bcc730e

Latency

Cosmos

Tendermint consensus used in Cosmos reaches finality within 6 seconds. Cosmos consists of many Zones and Hubs that connect to each other. Communication between 2 zones could pass through many hubs along the way, thus also can contribute to latency times depending on the path taken as explained in part two of the articles on Cosmos. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.

Polkadot

Polkadot provides a Hybrid consensus protocol consisting of Block producing protocol, BABE, and then a finality gadget called GRANDPA that works to agree on a chain, out of many possible forks, by following some simpler fork choice rule. Rather than voting on every block, instead it reaches agreements on chains. As soon as more than 2/3 of validators attest to a chain containing a certain block, all blocks leading up to that one are finalized at once.
If an invalid block is detected after it has been finalised then the relay chain would need to be reverted along with every parachain. This is particularly important when connecting to external blockchains as those don’t share the state of the relay chain and thus can’t be rolled back. The longer the time period, the more secure the network is, as there is more time for additional checks to be performed and reported but at the expense of finality. Finality is reached within 60 seconds between parachains but for external ecosystems like Ethereum their state obviously can’t be rolled back like a parachain and so finality will need to be much longer (60 minutes was suggested in the whitepaper) and discussed in more detail in part three

Avalanche

Avalanche consensus achieves finality within 3 seconds, with most happening sub 1 second, immutable and completely irreversible. Any subnet can connect directly to another without having to go through multiple hops and any VM can talk to another VM within the same subnet as well as external subnets. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.

Results

With regards to performance far too much emphasis is just put on tps as a metric, the other equally important metric, if not more important with regards to finance is latency. Throughput measures the amount of data at any given time that it can handle whereas latency is the amount of time it takes to perform an action. It’s pointless saying you can process more transactions per second than VISA when it takes 60 seconds for a transaction to complete. Low latency also greatly increases general usability and customer satisfaction, nowadays everyone expects card payments, online payments to happen instantly. Avalanche achieves the best results scoring ✅✅✅, Cosmos with comes in second with 6 second finality ✅✅ and Polkadot with 60 second finality (which may be 60 minutes for external blockchains) scores ✅
https://preview.redd.it/qe8e5ltudhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=18a2866104590f81a818690337f9121161dda890

Shared Security

Cosmos

Every Zone and Hub in Cosmos has their own validator set and different trust assumptions. Cosmos are researching a shared security model where a Hub can validate the state of connected zones for a fee but not released yet. Once available this will make shared security optional rather than mandatory.

Polkadot

Shared Security is mandatory with Polkadot which uses a Shared State infrastructure between the Relay Chain and all of the connected parachains. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. Every parachain makes the same trust assumptions, and as such the relay chain validates state transition and enables seamless interoperability between them. In return for this benefit, they have to purchase DOT and win an auction for one of the available parachain slots.
However, parachains can’t just rely on the relay chain for their security, they will also need to implement censorship resistance measures and utilise proof of work / proof of stake for each parachain as well as discussed in part three, thus parachains can’t just rely on the security of the relay chain, they need to ensure sybil resistance mechanisms using POW and POS are implemented on the parachain as well.

Avalanche

A subnet in Avalanche consists of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. So unlike in Cosmos where each zone / hub has their own validators, A subnet can validate a single or many virtual machines / blockchains with a single validator set. Shared security is optional

Results

Shared security is mandatory in polkadot and a key design decision in its infrastructure. The relay chain validates the state transition of all connected parachains and thus scores ✅✅✅. Subnets in Avalanche can validate state of either a single or many virtual machines. Each subnet can have their own token and shares a validator set, where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. It scores ✅ ✅. Every Zone and Hub in cosmos has their own validator set / token but research is underway to have the hub validate the state transition of connected zones, but as this is still early in the research phase scores ✅ for now.
https://preview.redd.it/0mnvpnzwdhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=8927ff2821415817265be75c59261f83851a2791

Current Adoption

Cosmos

The Cosmos project started in 2016 with an ICO held in April 2017. There are currently around 50 projects building on the Cosmos SDK with a full list can be seen here and filtering for Cosmos SDK . Not all of the projects will necessarily connect using native cosmos sdk and IBC and some have forked parts of the Cosmos SDK and utilise the tendermint consensus such as Binance Chain but have said they will connect in the future.

Polkadot

The Polkadot project started in 2016 with an ICO held in October 2017. There are currently around 70 projects building on Substrate and a full list can be seen here and filtering for Substrate Based. Like with Cosmos not all projects built using substrate will necessarily connect to Polkadot and parachains or parathreads aren’t currently implemented in either the Live or Test network (Kusama) as of the time of this writing.

Avalanche

Avalanche in comparison started much later with Ava Labs being founded in 2018. Avalanche held it’s ICO in July 2020. Due to lot shorter time it has been in development, the number of projects confirmed are smaller with around 14 projects currently building on Avalanche. Due to the customisability of the platform though, many virtual machines can be used within a subnet making the process incredibly easy to port projects over. As an example, it will launch with the Ethereum Virtual Machine which enables byte for byte compatibility and all the tooling like Metamask, Truffle etc. will work, so projects can easily move over to benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. In the future Cosmos and Substrate virtual machines could be implemented on Avalanche.

Results

Whilst it’s still early for all 3 projects (and the entire blockchain space as a whole), there is currently more projects confirmed to be building on Cosmos and Polkadot, mostly due to their longer time in development. Whilst Cosmos has fewer projects, zones are implemented compared to Polkadot which doesn’t currently have parachains. IBC to connect zones and hubs together is due to launch Q2 2021, thus both score ✅✅✅. Avalanche has been in development for a lot shorter time period, but is launching with an impressive feature set right from the start with ability to create subnets, VMs, assets, NFTs, permissioned and permissionless blockchains, cross chain atomic swaps within a subnet, smart contracts, bridge to Ethereum etc. Applications can easily port over from other platforms and use all the existing tooling such as Metamask / Truffle etc but benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. Currently though just based on the number of projects in comparison it scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/rsctxi6zdhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=ff762dea3cfc2aaaa3c8fc7b1070d5be6759aac2

Enterprise Adoption

Cosmos

Cosmos enables permissioned and permissionless zones which can connect to each other with the ability to have full control over who validates the blockchain. For permissionless zones each zone / hub can have their own token and they are in control who validates.

Polkadot

With polkadot the state transition is performed by a small randomly selected assigned group of validators from the relay chain plus with the possibility that state is rolled back if an invalid transaction of any of the other parachains is found. This may pose a problem for enterprises that need complete control over who performs validation for regulatory reasons. In addition due to the limited number of parachain slots available Enterprises would have to acquire and lock up large amounts of a highly volatile asset (DOT) and have the possibility that they are outbid in future auctions and find they no longer can have their parachain validated and parathreads don’t provide the guaranteed performance requirements for the application to function.

Avalanche

Avalanche enables permissioned and permissionless subnets and complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. For example a subnet can be created where its mandatory that all validators are from a certain legal jurisdiction, or they hold a specific license and regulated by the SEC etc. Subnets are also able to scale to tens of thousands of validators, and even potentially millions of nodes, all participating in consensus so every enterprise can run their own node rather than only a small amount. Enterprises don’t have to hold large amounts of a highly volatile asset, but instead pay a fee in AVAX for the creation of the subnets and blockchains which is burnt.

Results

Avalanche provides the customisability to run private permissioned blockchains as well as permissionless where the enterprise is in control over who validates the blockchain, with the ability to use complex rulesets to meet regulatory compliance, thus scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is also able to run permissioned and permissionless zones / hubs so enterprises have full control over who validates a blockchain and scores ✅✅. Polkadot requires locking up large amounts of a highly volatile asset with the possibility of being outbid by competitors and being unable to run the application if the guaranteed performance is required and having to migrate away. The relay chain validates the state transition and can roll back the parachain should an invalid block be detected on another parachain, thus scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/7phaylb1ehq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=d86d2ec49de456403edbaf27009ed0e25609fbff

Interoperability

Cosmos

Cosmos will connect Hubs and Zones together through its IBC protocol (due to release in Q1 2020). Connecting to blockchains outside of the Cosmos ecosystem would either require the connected blockchain to fork their code to implement IBC or more likely a custom “Peg Zone” will be created specific to work with a particular blockchain it’s trying to bridge to such as Ethereum etc. Each Zone and Hub has different trust levels and connectivity between 2 zones can have different trust depending on which path it takes (this is discussed more in this article). Finality time is low at 6 seconds, but depending on the number of hops, this can increase significantly.

Polkadot

Polkadot’s shared state means each parachain that connects shares the same trust assumptions, of the relay chain validators and that if one blockchain needs to be reverted, all of them will need to be reverted. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Finality time between parachains is around 60 seconds, but longer will be needed (initial figures of 60 minutes in the whitepaper) for connecting to external blockchains. Thus limiting the appeal of connecting two external ecosystems together through Polkadot. Polkadot is also limited in the number of Parachain slots available, thus limiting the amount of blockchains that can be bridged. Parathreads could be used for lower performance bridges, but the speed of future blockchains is only going to increase.

Avalanche

A subnet can validate multiple virtual machines / blockchains and all blockchains within a subnet share the same trust assumptions / validator set, enabling cross chain interoperability. Interoperability is also possible between any other subnet, with the hope Avalanche will consist of thousands of subnets. Each subnet may have a different trust level, but as the primary network consists of all validators then this can be used as a source of trust if required. As Avalanche supports many virtual machines, bridges to other ecosystems are created by running the connected virtual machine. There will be an Ethereum bridge using the EVM shortly after mainnet. Finality time is much faster at sub 3 seconds (with most happening under 1 second) with no chance of rolling back so more appealing when connecting to external blockchains.

Results

All 3 systems are able to perform interoperability within their ecosystem and transfer assets as well as data, as well as use bridges to connect to external blockchains. Cosmos has different trust levels between its zones and hubs and can create issues depending on which path it takes and additional latency added. Polkadot provides the same trust assumptions for all connected parachains but has long finality and limited number of parachain slots available. Avalanche provides the same trust assumptions for all blockchains within a subnet, and different trust levels between subnets. However due to the primary network consisting of all validators it can be used for trust. Avalanche also has a much faster finality time with no limitation on the number of blockchains / subnets / bridges that can be created. Overall all three blockchains excel with interoperability within their ecosystem and each score ✅✅.
https://preview.redd.it/l775gue3ehq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=b7c4b5802ceb1a9307bd2a8d65f393d1bcb0d7c6

Tokenomics

Cosmos

The ATOM token is the native token for the Cosmos Hub. It is commonly mistaken by people that think it’s the token used throughout the cosmos ecosystem, whereas it’s just used for one of many hubs in Cosmos, each with their own token. Currently ATOM has little utility as IBC isn’t released and has no connections to other zones / hubs. Once IBC is released zones may prefer to connect to a different hub instead and so ATOM is not used. ATOM isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for ATOM as of the time of this writing is $1 Billion with 203 million circulating supply. Rewards can be earnt through staking to offset the dilution caused by inflation. Delegators can also get slashed and lose a portion of their ATOM should the validator misbehave.

Polkadot

Polkadot’s native token is DOT and it’s used to secure the Relay Chain. Each parachain needs to acquire sufficient DOT to win an auction on an available parachain lease period of up to 24 months at a time. Parathreads have a fixed fee for registration that would realistically be much lower than the cost of acquiring a parachain slot and compete with other parathreads in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. DOT isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for DOT as of the time of this writing is $4.4 Billion with 852 million circulating supply. Delegators can also get slashed and lose their DOT (potentially 100% of their DOT for serious attacks) should the validator misbehave.

Avalanche

AVAX is the native token for the primary network in Avalanche. Every validator of any subnet also has to validate the primary network and stake a minimum of 2000 AVAX. There is no limit to the number of validators like other consensus methods then this can cater for tens of thousands even potentially millions of validators. As every validator validates the primary network, this can be a source of trust for interoperability between subnets as well as connecting to other ecosystems, thus increasing amount of transaction fees of AVAX. There is no slashing in Avalanche, so there is no risk to lose your AVAX when selecting a validator, instead rewards earnt for staking can be slashed should the validator misbehave. Because Avalanche doesn’t have direct slashing, it is technically possible for someone to both stake AND deliver tokens for something like a flash loan, under the invariant that all tokens that are staked are returned, thus being able to make profit with staked tokens outside of staking itself.
There will also be a separate subnet for Athereum which is a ‘spoon,’ or friendly fork, of Ethereum, which benefits from the Avalanche consensus protocol and applications in the Ethereum ecosystem. It’s native token ATH will be airdropped to ETH holders as well as potentially AVAX holders as well. This can be done for other blockchains as well.
Transaction fees on the primary network for all 3 of the blockchains as well as subscription fees for creating a subnet and blockchain are paid in AVAX and are burnt, creating deflationary pressure. AVAX is a fixed capped supply of 720 million tokens, creating scarcity rather than an unlimited supply which continuously increase of tokens at a compounded rate each year like others. Initially there will be 360 tokens minted at Mainnet with vesting periods between 1 and 10 years, with tokens gradually unlocking each quarter. The Circulating supply is 24.5 million AVAX with tokens gradually released each quater. The current market cap of AVAX is around $100 million.

Results

Avalanche’s AVAX with its fixed capped supply, deflationary pressure, very strong utility, potential to receive air drops and low market cap, means it scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot’s DOT also has very strong utility with the need for auctions to acquire parachain slots, but has no deflationary mechanisms, no fixed capped supply and already valued at $3.8 billion, therefore scores ✅✅. Cosmos’s ATOM token is only for the Cosmos Hub, of which there will be many hubs in the ecosystem and has very little utility currently. (this may improve once IBC is released and if Cosmos hub actually becomes the hub that people want to connect to and not something like Binance instead. There is no fixed capped supply and currently valued at $1.1 Billion, so scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/zb72eto5ehq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=0ee102a2881d763296ad9ffba20667f531d2fd7a
All three are excellent projects and have similarities as well as many differences. Just to reiterate this article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions, you may have different criteria which is important to you, and score them differently. There won’t be one platform to rule them all however, with some uses cases better suited to one platform over another, and it’s not a zero-sum game. Blockchain is going to completely revolutionize industries and the Internet itself. The more projects researching and delivering breakthrough technology the better, each learning from each other and pushing each other to reach that goal earlier. The current market is a tiny speck of what’s in store in terms of value and adoption and it’s going to be exciting to watch it unfold.
https://preview.redd.it/fwi3clz7ehq51.png?width=1388&format=png&auto=webp&s=c91c1645a4c67defd5fc3aaec84f4a765e1c50b6
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Anonimity. Chapter 1. part 1.

First of all, i want to say Sorry, because i use computer interpeter for text of my book. English isn't native language for me. I can talk with you guys, but text is really difficult to translate manually.
This book about near future in Russia. Sometimes it's full of stereotypes and some manners which are hard to understand for people from USA, Europe and ohter world. Almost everything creations in cyberpunk jenre starting like it's actually happened. In 30\* year or so. No one talks how it started. I try to do it. Hope that U will like it.*
Thanks! Have a nice day!
p.s. I'm always in touch on twitter, facebook and etc. Actually since yesterday on Patreon, Lol.

Anonymity is an impersonal property by the meaning of the adjective; lack of individuality, originality.
I would like to be born earlier, say, in the eighties and nineties, and somewhere in Europe or the USA. The point is not that I am not a patriot, but that it was at this time that progress made leaps and bounds all over the world, it was then that the concept of "globalization" became a symbol of the word "progress".
No joke, the flourishing of car production, a breakthrough in aircraft construction, the beginning of the computer era ... Of course, the Soviet Union took an active part in this, only there is a significant factor that would not allow me to enjoy the above to the fullest. The union died in 1991 and hard times came for the inhabitants of the entire post-Soviet space. I could only stand on the sidelines of all this, remembering the first Nintendo, SEGA, PC and other things that were attributes of the life of adolescents in those days. We were shoved from blue screens, as a given, that everywhere and the grass is greener than the trampled parking lot in front of the house, and the sun shines somewhere brighter there.
The corridors of the educational building of the institute, in which I studied since 2020, looked more like the ruins of an ancient civilization. On the walls there were many portraits of scientists from past years, those who seriously looked at students who did not know what they want from life and why they went to a technical university at all.
With the advent of the Internet to the general public, everyone decided that now you can learn from any corner of the world, read books and perform other useful activities. What actually happened? But in fact, people bare all their vices, the traffic of sites with 18+ content is much higher than that of a site with physical and technical content, which is remembered when writing term papers or theses.
The group of students standing in front of room 203 was no exception. If you look at them from the outside, you can understand what this passage about sites of a narrow focus was about. Here is Maxim, he is dressed in tight trousers, a purse hangs on his shoulder, the key to a fresh BMW is in his hand, next to him is a pretty girl in a skirt with a plaid and a white blouse. She smells of some kind of perfume, from which the nose clogs up and the eyes begin to water. She communicates with him, practically dumping her bust out, which he willingly uses. But why should he - a resident of the capital, who already in life everything worked out from the start, a girl from Ryazan province, who came to conquer Moscow - is unclear. First of all, it is not clear to Kirill and Mishka, the two ringleaders of the group, they live in the same room in a hostel and come to the institute in broken-down Zhiguli car. How many years have passed, and these piles of iron still plow the vastness of the universe. The guys do not boast about it, they work part-time in the delivery of pizza and sushi. The work is difficult in places, but if they are here, then they survived. They came from the Orenburg region in the hope of gaining a foothold here, who brought whom - we still need to think, but one thing I can say for sure, everyone needs friends, which means they will not be lost. They are standing with Vit'ka, a resident of the Moscow region, and therefore not in the hostel. The non-rubber dorms in Non-rubber city are beauty. And what he spends, like many of the group, two hours on the road, few people care. I stood in the corner and crammed notes. The rest of the group worried me a little, because I practically did not communicate with them, only on institutional matters. There were a total of twelve people, and in fact almost twenty heads were enrolled in the first year ... - Hey, Kit, look, - said Mishka, who came up to me, nodding at Max.
- I don’t see what to look at,- I looked up from the notes for a second and again buried myself back.
-She’ll strangle him with her airbags now,- he continued.
- Well, at least then Maxim will die happy, I suppose.
- It's already good to cram, the last exam. And then - final exams are handed over, and - freedom. Good already. You have everything on the ointment with the teacher, - Kirill jumped cheerfully.
- On "ointment" does not mean that I will not have to answer questions and take the test part. And there is a commission from all over the department.
- Listen, it's good to fill in, well, - Vitya joined us, - the whole department adores you. The one who needs to worry is her, - he nodded again at Max's interlocutor, - her whole brain will now fall out into the street, and by the age of thirty it will sag to the navel. It’s not the "same coat" now.
- Not understood?! Have you checked, or what? - Mishka and Kirill responded in unison, bulging their eyes at Vitya. - What's the difference whether I checked it or not. I'm just as uninteresting to her as you two are, - He answered.
- No, no, no, come on in more detail here, - said Mishka, folding his arms over his chest, which made his shirt start to crack at the seams. The guys got stronger from physical work.
- Yes, a couple of years ago, I arrived at the institute in my aunt's car. She lives in Moscow, near Sadovoe ring, - began Vitya.
- Well, I remember, she seems to have a Mercedes E-class. We rode at night, - with their conversation, they did tear me away from repeating the material.
- Well, - he continued, - my aunt was leaving for Cyprus for two weeks to rest. She loves me, she cannot have children, so she spoils her nephew. So she said: "Here are the keys to the house, here are the keys to the car. Simple equipment is harmful." I already refused, but she did not accept objections. We rode with you on the third day, and at the end of the week, this madam approaches, - he nodded towards Max, - and it began, everything is the same, the chest is protruding, hints and so on.
- And then what ?! - asked Kiril.
- Next, I collected a scholarship, borrowed it from you, and went for a walk. And that, then it seemed to me, the girl is not bad. We went to Cafe, walked around Zaryadye guide-park. Word for word, we ended up at my aunt’s house, and I’m not taking her to my area. Well, that's all, as they say in the novels.
- And the details? - put in Mishka, - Let's paint, otherwise we see the object, the fantasy works, but here it is.
- There will be no details, I'm talking about the bed in the bed, where you can't get, Misha. I can only say that next week after, we did not get out of it. And then my aunt arrived, and I again returned to my mother in the village. And she said, "let's go for a drive, and let's go to you." Well, I said that I live in a village near Yegoryevsk. She even threatened to declare to write, they say, I forced her all week ... It's good that the threats remained so.
- What are we going to do, Max is swimming, apparently, - I said, looking at how our friend's cheeks melt and his eyes grow cloudy.
- Don't piss, Keith. Look here, - Mishka winked and confidently walked towards the couple.
- Mishka, you would at least wash the dirt from under your nails!- Kirill shouted after him, to which he was sent with his middle finger over his shoulder.
- Let's see how the matter ends, do not distract him, - I asked Kirill.
It is worth making a digression here. Maxim was the son of the head of a department of some multinational corporation. He was not a typical daddy's son, he did not shine with intelligence, but he was not stupid either. He was also not a spoiled major. He dressed modestly, but tastefully, for the first two courses he took the metro, then moved with the help of his father to a second-hand German car. In the first year, we helped each other, all five, and on that one we became friends. When we could have tied a few lines of code together, Max's father started throwing hack for us. Also, he asked to help his younger talent. Who would have thought that from the fourth year the talent itself would be interested in everyone and the money of his father would be spent by all of us on a joint revelry, now in the hostel, then in the country. But we have postponed something. By the way, Max was always ashamed of his father's dachas and loved our simple dachas, in which there was nothing but a house and a bathhouse. And about the fact that we all slept - anywhere, I will not tell. The father gave Max a new car only the other day, when he realized that his son deserved a gift for the end.
The death of Vitya's father brought us even closer, it seems, in his third year ... His father was a strong man who himself left the city closer to the earth. He started a household and so on ... We turned out to be the healthiest foreheads, and carried the coffin to the cemetery. It so happened that he and his mother had few loved ones, and even those old people. Oncology did not ask whom to pick up. Vitya did not live with his aunt, although she always had a room ready for him. He told her: "Who will I leave my mother to?" So we were friends with our five all the time.
In the meantime, Mishka confidently approached the couple, taxied behind Max, shook him by the shoulders, said something, which made Madame's face turn red, and this could be seen even through the foundation, and now they already walked towards us.
- Grandmaster, not otherwise, - Kiril said on exhalation.
- I suggest everyone go out for a smoke, - I said as the guys approached, and we headed for the stairs.
So we, with our motley company, migrated to the entrance to the educational building. The big sign "NO smoking" got an ashen smiley with a mustache, beard, and who was not so cultured, painted what is usually painted on fences in the village. In general, the spirit of student unity was evident here as well. We lit a cigarette with our friendly company.
- Well, what, the last exam, eh?- I began.
- Yes, finally, and then already tired, the sun is outside, girls in skirts, and we are sitting here, - picked up Max.
- Yeah, is it you who fell for the skirt, or just got confused? - I poked him.
- Yes, she came, word for word, so, chatter about nothing, and I see that she constantly props her chest with her hands, but the look itself fell there, - Maxim began to make excuses.
- Yeah, and when the bodice is removed and stops propping up, I guarantee that you will want to put a basin, as if from a drink. This good will fall, like the bitcoin rate in tenths, and everything will end either with a wedding on a fake pregnancy, or you will pay off so that she does not apply for you, - Vitya continued.
- And how do you know, Vitos? You're still a quiet one. Probably, he didn't even hold on to the handle, - Maxim tried to continue the excuse.
- The best defense is offense? - Kirill interjected.
- Hush, Kir. Max, just the same with her and held on to the handle. Remember the third year, when we rode in my aunt's car.
- Let's say. I remember.
- So she was gone for two weeks, and we drank one. The second week I was busy with her, or rather, she suggested it herself, and I did not refuse. I ended up borrowing money from you in order to pay off her. As I remember, a shiver breaks through.
- So you said that on a wheelbarrow, which he threw as soon as he bought, - Max refused to believe.
- As you understand, I didn't buy a car, but paid Madame for services, - Vityok involuntarily grimaced.
- Oh, - Max realized, - I apologize, and thanks for the warning. I just lacked the Ryazan milkmaid.
- Do not forget about saggy tits, - added Mishka.
- Yes, Ryazan milkmaid with sagging tits, - repeated Max and threw out the cigarette butt. We followed suit and returned to the corridor.
There were still a couple of minutes before the start of the exam, there were even more people, room 203 was an amphitheater, which made it possible to conduct exams for a large number of students. Organized groups of students crowded, according to my estimates, at least three, which means about fifty people. That's really, wholesale is cheaper.
- So, gentlemen graduates! - the head of our department, a woman in years, but with an iron grip, and, moreover, an excellent teacher, came out of the office. - I ask you to take seats in the audience.
We are located on the same row, all of our five. As per the precepts, not far, but not close to the commission. If you sit close - you will be in plain sight as a crammer, if from behind - as a gouge. The tactics were working, the answer cheats were prepared in paper, jammers were knocking out the Internet and all kinds of wireless headphones. White noise was reproduced in the headphones, but our Galya (Ryazan milkmaid) was not ready for such a scenario, and upon switching on she began to look around the audience helplessly. We did not gloat, but we did not deprive ourselves of moral satisfaction.
Sweating over the ticket, I wondered, what will happen after school? I didn’t understand at all why I was going to become a programmer. I studied a little, something and somehow, but do I see myself in the profession ??? Not sure. Okay, war will tell the plan. I quickly wrote answers to three out of four questions, thought for a long time, but did not win. Okay, one more four, one less. Kiril and Mishka tensed, their foreheads were covered with sweat, but they write something tirelessly. The commission was already minding its own business and paid less attention to us.
- Pssss, - Max shouted to me.
- What? I replied in a whisper.
- After the exam we are going to my village house, to have a carouse. And I do not want to know the refusal. Pass on. Dad threw off the SMS, I didn't have time to say.
- So you wrote everything? - You offend! I got a favorite topic. And how many business card-sites we riveted, I will keep silent. So that.
On this wonderful note, all students were asked to submit papers. Traditionally, only those with a controversial assessment were personally interviewed. None of our company got into this number, so we loaded into the Maxim's BMW and drove out the City.
The Moscow heat, who has been, knows how hot it is in the megalopolis in summer, especially when the changed tiles get hot for the hundredth time, but the breeze is gone. We left the building happy and tired. The presentation of the diplomas was expected in a month, and today two B grades, A grade for Vitya and C grade for Kirill and Mishka. We went out, Max opened a pack of cigarettes that his father had brought him from Cuba, I think "Cohiba", knocked out a cigarette for everyone and gave them a light. Silently we dragged on simultaneously and headed to the car.
- So, - Max said sternly, - we don't smoke inside!
- I see, - we answered and finished smoking, standing near the apparatus.
I sat in front, as the tallest, the rest of the guys were in the back. Mishka was unlucky most of all, he was pushed into the middle, consider that he rode more inconveniently and higher than all those present, and the village-house was already beyond Sergiev Posad. So from time to time on the hummocks our friend switched to falsetto, while the others enjoyed the ride. Father gave Max a five-sreies with many options in the cabin, but not a very voluminous engine, so that there was no desire to drive beyond measure.
- Max, are we going to stop by the store? Is there meat, booze? - I asked when we drove onto the Yaroslavl highway, breaking through the Moscow traffic jams.
- No, Dad organizes everything. For everyone. There are booze, meat, baths and other joys of life. The whole house is at our disposal, - Max answered calmly and the joyful hubbub of our comrades was heard from the back row.
After some time, we drove into the woods, where we turned into an elite village. Someone lived here permanently, while someone here just had a summer residence. The father of our friend belonged to the second type of people. It's easier to do things when you live next to work and Moscow City is just a stone's throw away, then in general it is beyond praise. Max pressed a button and the gate obediently slid to the side.
- Wow, a house, - drawled Mishka.
- Wow. I saw this in the picture, and even then not often, - Kira echoed.
- And you would pay more attention to common girls when my father called us to celebrate the launch of their product on the market, - Max answered.
- So you were here?
- Yes, we were once,
- I answered.
- Uh-huh, - said Vityok.
There was something to be surprised at. A two-story European-style mansion among trees, with a large veranda on which stood a heavy oak table and chairs. There was also a tennis court at some distance. There was a large garage and a barbecue corner on site. In front of the house there is a lawn with various conifers. Before leaving the car, we smelled the smell of meat.
- Apparently, the father of his cook asked to cook everything, so you guys won't be able to leave hungry, - Max began, getting out from behind the wheel.
- So we were not going to !! - he heard the chorus from behind, and we left the ship.
We decided to go through the house, washing our hands along the way. Heavy oak planks didn't even think to creak when we fell out of the house. These are not modern plastic boards that prick and knock, while crackling like a Chinese bouncy. We went to the table, on which there were already salads, an aperitif was poured into the glasses. We drank.
- And what is this sweet muck? - Mishka responded.
- This is an aperitif, served before meals, so that you want to crackle more, Mish, - Maxim answered.
- Is it like - beer before vodka? Got it, - Kirill responded.
- Okay, I propose to start our celebration, otherwise, you never know, you will take whiskey for used oil, - Maxim continued as the owner.
- Young people. I am glad to welcome you! - a man in a cook's jacket appeared and began to tell us what dishes were on the table. In addition to the Greek salad, there was a warm tuna salad, and some other appetizers, the names of which I did not remember. From his speech, only Max understood the names, and we sat with our mouths open. Well, Vitya and I understood something, but Kirill and Mishka were sitting, frankly with the lower jaw on the floor.
- He's not cursing now? - asked Cyril when the cook left.
- No, he told me what was on the table and what would be on the hot. So, if I were you, I would pour it already, graduates!
- So we will pour! - Mishka took a bottle of Chivas, poured himself, - Who else? he asked briskly.
- Give it to me, - Kiril answered, for which he received his glass of whiskey.
- No, I'm white wine,- Vitya replied, taking a bottle of semi-dry wine.
- I thought there were no girls among us! - Mishka responded with a challenge.
- Misha, don't get to the bottom of him, I'll have vodka and juice myself, so as not to fly to the first space flight ahead of time, - I interjected.
- Let's have a drink already, otherwise you are pouring for three hours, - Max finished the squabble with a glass of vodka. - For the passed certification!
The owner of the house raised toast after toast, we ate dishes on both cheeks. To say that it was delicious is to say nothing, it was wonderful! The funniest thing was to look at Mishka and Kirill, who for the first time saw tuna not in a can, but in a salad, and it was also pink in color. Then the salads were replaced by meat, rack of lamb, ribs in sauce, steaks and various grilled vegetables. Freshly cooked fries teased with flavor ..
submitted by Suharrik to u/Suharrik [link] [comments]

BEWARE OF REFUNDABLE INSURANCE SCAM ON PACKAGES (BOUGHT CARTS ONLINE)

I met a person who was advertising his weed products online and I added him on snapchat. When I added him he sent a 2-page long menu with different weed strains and carts. I eventually sent him $125 via the cash app. He seemed to run a very legit business. Someone else handled the money, he was the one who just shipped the product. Once he told me that he shipped my product he sent me this website link called flexibleshipping.net and he gave me a tracking number. The whole idea of the flexible shipping is that it bypasses scans and then gives the package to the delivery person. The website looked legit.. ish... and when I emailed the customer service with questions they emailed me back. When on the tracking page on the website, the weight of my package seemed accurate, he left a nice comment telling me to enjoy my package, and it said my shipment was active with the expected delivery date. The reason that I emailed them was that I received an email from them the day my package was expected to deliver. They said since it was a discreet package nonscanning parcel package, it needed an insurance deposit that was refundable upon delivery. I reached out to the guy I originally I bought off of and he said that it is legit and then sent me screenshots showing how other people had their money sent back to them. He told me that my package already was already shipped out and that if I didn't pay the money that they requested it would be handed over and be searched by the USPS. He was also very good at socially playing me, making me feel like he was an honest guy. He also sent me a picture of my package with his name and my name and address. I eventually caved in and sent him the money. He said that he would talk to the shipping company and let me know when it would arrive. He hasn't seen my message yet and it been a day and also no package has arrived. I'm pretty positive that I have been scammed. This is a lesson learned and I wanted to share my story so you all don't make the same mistake. Sorry, I know this is a lot of information. Comment about any questions.
The original email talking about refundable insurance is below.
Dear Client Accept greetings from our entire staff. We wish to inform you that you have, at our disposal a package registered under your names (my name was here but blocking out for privacy) pending insurance. You need to insure your package before it can be delivered to your address. According to the terms and condition of our company and In reference to Article: 594/12 Ministerial decree No. 307 which states that: All Items/Commodities And All Conditions: Used And New Exported out of the Country or state by state must be Insured and custom charges paid. Reasons to Insure With Us:
-Full Replacement value, not depreciated cash value. Multiple Coverage options: Catastrophic, Basic Risk and All Risk.-Your Freight insurance coverage placed will be Primary not Contingent:-Most of our competitors offer "Contingent freight insurance" which is coverage that is contingent upon the carriers liability and their terms and conditions. It's secondary insurance and it will only cover you if your claim is denied by the carrier. If the carrier accepts your claim, then you will receive their limited freight liability coverage which pays based on the weight of your shipment, not it's full value, . In addition, they don't cover high risk items, or high valued items.-If you want full coverage for the full declared value of your shipment, regardless of the carrier's terms, then primary coverage is the answer. Our Primary coverage is replacement cost coverage for the full declared value of the items and is in excess to the liability of the carrier; meaning our insurance coverage will come first. Don't leave it up to the carrier to decide your coverage. You want full protection of your shipment with primary freight insurance.-Coverage is provided direct from insurers with the highest industry ratings for Financial Strength and claims payment.A with AM Best and A+ with Standard and Poor's. -No Hassle, Fast and Easy Claims Processing:-The benefit of being protected by a top rated insurer, is that you can rest assured that they can pay for your loss. Our Insurer has the highest possible industry ratings for financial strength and claims payment handling. We help expedite the process by immediately submitting your claim direct to the claims dept. and keeping track of it, to make sure you're taken care of.Our Friendly Service:-Exceptional customer service is our goal and our friendly insurance agents practice it every day. We are always here to answer your questions and help assist you with your insurance needs.-This refundable Insurance is valid for 12 months, As such you can ship other items using this same coverage for a period of 12 months. Full Replacement value, not depreciated cash value. Multiple Coverage options: Catastrophic, Basic Risk and All Risk. Category for Discreet Parcels. A- First Class Discreet Parcels Requires a Refundable Insurance Fee Of $350 B-Sercond Class Discreet Parcels Requires a Refundable Insurance Fee Of $250 C-Third Class Discreet Parcels Requires a Refundable Insurance Fee Of $150 Since Your Parcel Falls under Category B (Second Class Discreet Parcels), You Need To Pay an insurance fee of $250 and $250 is Refundable upon delivery of your package, So That An Insurance Stamp can be placed on your package so we can proceed with delivery.This fee must be paid before we can proceed with the delivery of your parcel. In case Of any damages, the Insurance Company will be responsible for the cost of another package and will take care of the shipment and delivery to your address.You are required to keep the payment receipt as you will have to present it to get your Package
This Package most be insured using ***APPLE PAY=(***203)919-4812 0r through bitcoin. Once payment is confirmed, we will email the new tracking number of your parcel to you. You can contact us through this email or by phone. Your money will be refunded back to thesame account you'll use to insure your package.
submitted by johnha4 to darknet [link] [comments]

Weekly Update: 10k ParJar users, PAR on Mercatox, BOMB Announcement, FTM on OKEx... – 28 Jun - 4 Jul'19

Weekly Update: 10k ParJar users, PAR on Mercatox, BOMB Announcement, FTM on OKEx... – 28 Jun - 4 Jul'19
Hiya folks! With this update we will be totally caught up with the latest Parachute weekly. Whew! Told ya it will be fun. Thanks for sticking by. Here’s your week at Parachute (28 Jun – 4 Jul’19):

ParJar crossed 10k users this week (with 120k total transactions till now). The growth is real! PAR got listed on Mercatox as well. The first Cex listing. Woot! Remember how well researched Benjamin’s BOMB metrics reports were? You are in for a treat. He made a deep dive report on the PAR token metrics as well. Enjoy! CoinsOnFire’s review of Parachute is out too. Have a read! Cap’s Parachute journey article was translated to Spanish by Roberto. The milestone items for July are pargas, new projects, more coverage. Cap announced a competition to design a logo for the Parachute News/Announcement channel. Tons of solid entries. 300k PAR were given out to the top picks. Pedro’s logo was simple yet clear in its message and was the winner of the comp with it becoming the Ann channel logo.
Great work on the logos, guys! These look super fresh

Ice and Chris rocking that Parachute swag
The latest ParJar feature allows you to see price of any coin/token/USD/CAD/EUGBP/PLN/RUB amount to another coin/token/USD/CAD/EUGBP/PLN/RUB. So if you want to see price of 5000 PAR in AXPR or USD, just type /convert 5000 PAR AXPR or /convert 5000 PAR USD. Try it out in PM with the bot. Ketan won this week’s Parena and laid claim to the lion’s share of the 100k PAR pot. Victor’s trivia this week in ParJar was on Animals. 10 questions, 50k PAR. Dayum! Ian hosted an art quiz in ParJar as well. Another 50k PAR given out. The OG Parachute items were finally phased out of the parachute shop this week. Check out the latest gear that arrived in the shop.
The Big Chili Race Standings as on 2-July
Alexis receiving one of the last shipments of the OG gear
aXpire submitted its proposal to be listed on Binance Dex this week. The 100k monthly AXPR burn can be tracked here. Weekly update video is up as well. Have a look. Co-Founder of Huddl, Vishal Karir, wrote about BOMB as deflationary gold in an article on scarce assets. Jason Choi, researcher at The Spartan Group, talked about two "fascinating & underexposed economic experiments in crypto" in a tweet thread this week. One of them was BOMB. Benjamin’s latest BOMB Report is out as well. You can also watch him elaborate on it in this video. Remember, the BOMB video contest that has been ongoing for a few weeks now? Here’s a compilation of 100 submissions. The winners have been selected. A new market stats dashboard will be going live soon. And finally, don’t forget to mark your calendars for July 15th. Zachary will be announcing the next big step for BOMB.
This chart from Benjamin’s report seems to back up BOMB’s core idea
Horizon State was featured in the blockchain showcase series by Micky News with a detailed background on the project and where they are heading. HST got added to the FlashCoin mobile wallet and its P2P marketplace. The Hydro Pay app’s official video was released this week. Plus, check out the latest app updates here, here and here. The project was also covered in a publish0x article about 3 promising projects in H2 2019. HYDRO has taken the lead in a vote-for-listing competition to get listed on ChangeNOW. Read more about DeFi and how Molecule is a positive force in the DeFi space in Hydro’s article. In District0x-verse, read up on the latest from the District Weekly. Meme Factory’s newest meme contest is underway. Hearthstone fans, don’t forget to catch the gameplay recording of Game of Memes (which uses Meme Factory assets for game cards). Project Manager Alexander wrote about the journey of Meme Factory so far in his blog article.
Meme Factory's dankest meme as of 4th July :p
Fantom’s FTM token was listed on OKEx, OKEx Korea and Bittrex International this week. If you’ve been living under a rock for the first half of 2019, CMO Michael Chen’s got your back. His half yearly recap article covers all things Fantom. Michael's presentation at ZKLux#1 was featured in Sikoba's blog post. PaperCoins’ review of Fantom was published this week. Check it out! The team also had an AMA with the latest partner, Xangle. Click here for the transcript. Opacity (and Hydro Pay) were added to dApp browser on dapp.com. June recap for Opacity was out this week. Bounty hunters, have a read of the weekly Bounty0x distribution report. Bloom partnered with the platform to provide Bloom verified accounts for Bounty0x users. Bloom verified accounts are more trustworthy and hence get access to higher value bounties compared to unverified accounts.
Bloom takes data privacy seriously
1UP will be seeing a major burn of its tokens in the near future. Read more about the updated tokenomics here. Another project will get a chance to be reviewed in detail for free by Uptrennd. Voting started this week. Have a question to ask Enjin CTO Witek Radomski? Uptrennd will be interviewing him soon and your question could make it to the interview. The ETHOS Universal Wallet turned 1 this week. Happy Birthday! Switch’s press releases went live simultaneously on Reuters, The Merkle, Bitcoin PR Buzz, Coinspeaker, Blockmanity and ZyCrypto. ESH was listed on Mercatox and ZooomEx. One of the coolest features on Switch is the option to buy gift cards with altcoins. Catch up with the latest at Switch from their update article. In Birdchain news, get an early preview of the of the SMS feature on the app and its testing snapshots. Details of the 2gether referral program were released this week. Here’s a link for Spanish speakers.

And with that, it’s a wrap for the rapid catch up series and for this week at Parachute. Thank you again for being here and God Bless Parachute! See you again with another update. Ciao!
submitted by abhijoysarkar to ParachuteToken [link] [comments]

Kickstarter Roundup: Nov 13, 2016 | 34 Ending Soon (incl: Bears vs Babies, The Edge: Dawnfall, Leaders of Euphoria) & 34 New This Week (incl: Feudum, Omen: Edge of Aegean, Dwar7s Fall)

What this is:

This is a weekly, curated listing of Kickstarter tabletop games projects that are either:
All board game projects meeting those criteria will automatically be included, no need to ask. (But the occasional non-board game project may also sneak in!)
Expect new lists each Sunday sometime between 12:00am and 12:00pm PST.

Ending Soon

Project Info Status Backers Avg Pledge Ending Comments
The Edge: Dawnfall Next level competitive miniature Board Game for 1-4 players from creator of Neuroshima Hex and Cry Havoc. (Has currently earned £362,143 of £40,000) 905% funded 2578 £140 11-14 kicktraq
Knights of Camelot - only one can become King... Bluff, plot & trick your way to the throne of Camelot using the Knights of the Round Table & influential members of the court. (Has currently earned £2,776 of £2,500) 111% funded 141 £20 11-14 kicktraq
DARK SKIES 1942: a 15mm aerial wargame Welcome To Dark Skies 1942 an Alternate WWII Game. A world changed by a new horror. Experience thrills of 3D dog fights on the tabletop (Has currently earned €8,651 of €500) 1730% funded 93 €93 11-14 kicktraq #first #take2
Windup War: the Cutest Combat Card Game When the kids are away, the toys come out to play...and FIGHT! Program your toys, then watch them dominate! For 2-6 generals. (Has currently earned $7,465 of $6,000) 124% funded 336 $22 11-14 kicktraq
Relicblade: Bone and Darkness Fantasy Miniatures Game Enter the realms of Relicblade with two new factions! Make a dark pact with a sinister new evil, or join the heroic Lone Guard. (Has currently earned $16,553 of $8,000) 206% funded 205 $81 11-14 kicktraq #expansion base game
Payoff Pitch Baseball 2016 Season Card Set 2016 Season set for use with the Payoff Pitch Baseball Game. Bring real life baseball action to your tabletop. (Has currently earned $894 of $500) 178% funded 12 $75 11-15 kicktraq #expansion base game
Gimme 5 Choose a Topic. Challenge a Friend. A party games for people who love strategy. (Has currently earned $5,065 of $5,000) 101% funded 22 $230 11-15 kicktraq #first
Spires - a card game for 1-4 players Answer the royal decree! Build Spires high - but not too high! - in this card game for 1-4 players by TC Petty III. Playable in ~25 min (Has currently earned $20,437 of $20,000) 102% funded 578 $35 11-15 kicktraq
Frazetta's Masterpieces - DEATH DEALER A range of figures, models and goods inspired by Frank Frazetta and his iconic Death Dealer character in particular (Has currently earned €25,948 of €4,000) 648% funded 269 €96 11-16 kicktraq #minis
Witch SLAPPED! There's only room for ONE witch in these woods. Time to sling some spells. Somebody is getting Witch SLAPPED! (Has currently earned $5,588 of $5,000) 111% funded 170 $33 11-16 kicktraq
Godforsaken Scavengers: Survival Card Game Make the most of a dire situation, manage the risks and beat the odds! Deadly adventure for 30 minutes and 1-6 players. (Has currently earned $17,772 of $7,500) 236% funded 708 $25 11-16 kicktraq #first
GHOULASH The Card Game You're the last hope for survival in a world infested with giant, deadly monsters known as Ghouls! For 2-4 players, ages 10 and older. (Has currently earned $2,039 of $3,000) 67% funded 57 $36 11-16 kicktraq #first #take4
Stitches A fast-paced monster-brawling card game for 3 to 7 players. Upgrade your body parts to defeat the Abomination! (Has currently earned $13,922 of $11,000) 126% funded 427 $33 11-16 kicktraq #first
Follow A game about working together (or falling apart) by the creator of Microscope and Kingdom (Has currently earned $25,808 of $2,500) 1032% funded 1041 $25 11-16 kicktraq #rpg
Artisan Copper Metal Game Dice with Diamond CZ Stones You don't need to even roll these dice to make your opponents think twice! Conquer your next game night with these One-of-a-kind dice. (Has currently earned $998 of $250) 399% funded 29 $34 11-16 kicktraq #dice
Darren Watts's Golden Age Champions The long-awaited Champions supplement for the Golden Age of Superheroes from 1938 to 1950, by longtime Hero writer Darren Watts!. (Has currently earned $18,447 of $20,000) 92% funded 276 $67 11-17 kicktraq
Dodgy Dealers - The Black Market Art Dealing Card Game Dodgy Dealers is a 2-12 player deception/collection card game. Finish your collection before anyone else by any and all means possible! (Has currently earned €5,910 of €1,000) 591% funded 184 €32 11-17 kicktraq #first
Bears vs Babies - A Card Game A monster-building card game from the creators of Exploding Kittens (Has currently earned $2,494,826 of $10,000) 24948% funded 66542 $37 11-17 kicktraq
Cobras - A Trick-Taking Game for 1-5 Players Cobras are overrunning the village & you've come up with a tricky scheme to profit. But if your timing is off, you might get bit! (Has currently earned $9,002 of $8,000) 112% funded 403 $22 11-17 kicktraq #first
Guild Masters Expand your guild hall, hire unique workers, and craft magic items to build a legendary guild of heroes in this strategy board game. (Has currently earned $19,692 of $30,000) 65% funded 358 $55 11-17 kicktraq
Einstein Explore fascinating details of Einstein’s life! Unique tile-laying mechanics & shapes. Light abstract strategy. 2-4 players. 15-30 min (Has currently earned $25,097 of $5,000) 501% funded 692 $36 11-18 kicktraq
Shadows of Esteren - A Medieval Horror RPG: Dearg The multi-award winning dark fantasy RPG from France, between Ravenloft, Game of Thrones and Call of Cthulhu. (Has currently earned $136,712 of $20,000) 683% funded 849 $161 11-18 kicktraq #rpg
Tiki Island Tiki island is a family oriented race from destruction! Fun yet simple game play lets hardcore fans and kids enjoy the game together! (Has currently earned $3,704 of $5,000) 74% funded 79 $47 11-18 kicktraq #first #take2
Beer Empire: The Board Game Competitive board game for 2-4 players. Design your recipes, gain and use resources, expand your Brewery, build your own Beer Empire. (Has currently earned $16,132 of $15,000) 107% funded 412 $39 11-18 kicktraq #take2
Omen: Edge of the Aegean A stand alone 2 player card game set in the world of Omen: A Reign of War. Familiar mechanics and theme with all new Units and Rewards! (Has currently earned $11,781 of $5,000) 235% funded 648 $18 11-18 kicktraq
Gemstone Dice: Labradorite, Tiger's Eye, Fossil, and More! Beautiful dice made from Labradorite, Red Tiger's Eye, Blue Tiger's Eye, Coral Fossil, Peach Aventurine, and more with stretch goals! (Has currently earned $17,088 of $10,000) 170% funded 198 $86 11-18 kicktraq
Robit Riddle: Storybook Adventures Have adventures, tell stories, make friends, and save the day in this narrative 5 to 45 minute cooperative board game for 1-6 players. (Has currently earned $9,809 of $12,000) 81% funded 215 $46 11-18 kicktraq #first
100 Swords: Season 2 The Sword-Based Dungeon Crawling Micro Deck-Builder is back with two NEW dungeons and a multiplayer expansion! (Has currently earned $26,562 of $14,999) 177% funded 643 $41 11-18 kicktraq #expansion base game
Rules Twist - Hilarious House Rules for Board & Card Games Play classic games with a Twist! Easily add hilarious house rules to any board or card game. You won't play without Rules Twist again (Has currently earned $2,657 of $3,000) 88% funded 29 $92 11-19 kicktraq #first
Tiny Swords Tactics A cute and chaotic Smash Bros-style board game where your whole table is the board! (Has currently earned $6,039 of $15,000) 40% funded 133 $45 11-19 kicktraq
Leaders of Euphoria: Choose a Better Oppressor Find your allies and banish your enemies with OVERSIZED RAY GUN MINIS in this dystopian game for 4 to 8 players! (Has currently earned $59,101 of $20,000) 295% funded 1478 $40 11-19 kicktraq
Battle Systems™ Sci-fi II Terrain Sci-fi terrain for 28 - 32mm tabletop games. This is pre-punched card that is easy to assemble with no painting required. (Has currently earned £153,556 of £21,000) 731% funded 1023 £150 11-19 kicktraq #bling
8-Bit Werewolf & Mafia Miniature size card deck containing 28 cards for each game! (Has currently earned $1,804 of $3,500) 51% funded 210 $9 11-20 kicktraq
Ascended Kings® Tabletop Board Game & Graphic Novel Ascended Kings® - Battle Royal Game & Companion Graphic Novel. Fight to reclaim your immortality! (Has currently earned $19,419 of $50,000) 38% funded 112 $173 11-20 kicktraq

New This Week

Project Info Status Backers Avg Pledge Ending Comments
2048 THE BOARD GAME Balancing your mind! - Entertaining! - Fast and simple! - Skill developing. - DANGER! It is addictive! Revolutionary new game method! (Has currently earned $644 of $16,000) 4% funded 35 $18 12-10 #first
Assassin´s club Ultimate Solo card game for the hitman you have deep inside, Ultimate multi player card game to have fun with friends. (Has currently earned €1,362 of €4,600) 29% funded 31 €44 12-10 #first
Backpacks & Blisters! A classic board game for the family. Enjoy the glories of the English Lake District (World Heritage Site nominate) in this game of friendly rivalry. 1-6 players Max 90 min. (Has currently earned £2,784 of £3,000) 92% funded 125 £22 12-08
Bad Words - A Twisted Tile Game Pour yourself a drink. You're are an elite social host bringing the highest grade debauchery to your otherwise neglected tabletop. (Has currently earned $1,029 of $20,000) 5% funded 17 $61 12-19 #first
Berghain: A Game for 2–6 Players About Getting In Take control of the door of legendary nightclub Berghain in this fast and fun card game! (Has currently earned kr36,114 of kr90,000) 40% funded 135 kr268 SEK 12-07 #first
Bitcoin Empire Build your crypto-currency empire and sabotage your opponents. A deck building, card game. 2-4 players. 15 minutes. (Has currently earned £485 of £480) 101% funded 26 £19 11-22 #first #take2
Dwar7s Fall Super fun worker placement, area control game! Build a mighty Kingdom and get ready because the winter is coming! (Has currently earned $13,490 of $4,000) 337% funded 382 $35 12-03
electron dice Handmade and unique 20 sided dice with glow in the dark elements, choose size, element and color. (Has currently earned $2,253 of $1,000) 225% funded 49 $46 12-11 #dice
Feudum: A nuanced game of hand & resource management Optimize your hand, leverage your resources & compete for guild status in a fantastical realm for 2-5 players! (Has currently earned $99,922 of $49,000) 203% funded 1169 $85 12-16 #first
FML! The Game - Life's a Joke, Laugh! FML! The Game is a party in a box. It is a board game that simulates life, with FML moments around every turn! (Has currently earned $5,340 of $9,999) 53% funded 82 $65 11-30 #take2 #first
Hunting Sasquatch Press your luck, roll the dice, and compete against other hunters seeking to capture the legendary Sasquatch. Do you believe? (Has currently earned $1,076 of $9,000) 11% funded 35 $31 12-08
Isaribi: Fishing, Market Play, and Outwitting your Opponents ISARIBI is an elegant light-strategy game you will not want to miss! Created by Hisashi Hayashi, designer of the popular game YOKOHAMA. (Has currently earned $11,669 of $10,000) 116% funded 302 $39 12-12
Keyper - Character Edition A special character edition of Keyper - the first completely new 'Key' series game from R&D Games since the award winning Keyflower. (Has currently earned £16,056 of £10,000) 160% funded 208 £77 12-05
Kobold Press Bestiary - A Collection Of Fantasy Miniatures A collection of 28mm scaled miniatures based on the Midgard campaign setting as well as the Tome of Beasts from Kobold Press! (Has currently earned $5,704 of $7,000) 81% funded 40 $143 12-10 #minis
MagHex To create a durable and easy to use play surface for hexagonal tile games like The Settlers of Catan (Has currently earned $492 of $18,000) 2% funded 9 $55 12-08 #bling
Man vs Meeple Man vs Meeple is the show where we talk about all things board game related. Help us make the very most of our channel for you. (Has currently earned $30,823 of $20,000) 154% funded 626 $49 12-09 #show
Me, Myself, and Ice Cream A mix-and-match solitaire game that combines with a standard deck of cards to make a delicious dessert-themed game that's simple & fun. (Has currently earned $1,644 of $100) 1644% funded 69 $24 11-21 #first
Ogre Miniatures Set 1 At long last, plastic Ogre miniatures for use with the Ogre Sixth Edition and Ogre Designer's Edition games. (Has currently earned $36,583 of $15,000) 243% funded 849 $43 11-30 #minis
Old School Tactical Volume I REPRINT! Fast and furious World War II East Front tactical battles. Tanks, artillery, machine guns, and the soldiers to man them. 2nd Printing! (Has currently earned $9,132 of $12,000) 76% funded 116 $79 12-10 #reprint bgg
Omen: Edge of the Aegean A stand alone 2 player card game set in the world of Omen: A Reign of War. Familiar mechanics and theme with all new Units and Rewards! (Has currently earned $11,781 of $5,000) 235% funded 648 $18 11-18
Ortery Aluminum dice: Collective sci-fi metallic dice cube One more piece of art to add to your dice collection. Great for sci-fi game etc. Feels amazing in hand, give it a try :) (Has currently earned $3,502 of $1,000) 350% funded 115 $30 AUD 11-29 #dice
Package!? - An abstract tabletop game Package!? is a competitive, abstract strategy game, designed with very quick play in mind! (Has currently earned £3,497 of £1,000) 349% funded 155 £23 12-10 #first
PM Galaxy: Project Management Board Game Learn project management, fight for resources, and conquer the PM Galaxy®! Cooperative & competitive board game for 3-5 players. (Has currently earned $1,652 of $30,000) 5% funded 19 $87 12-07 #first
Sci-Fi Dungeon Resine Pieces Sci-Fi Dungeon is a modular secenery with endless convinations. Here you have possibility to acquire It in the format of resin pieces. (Has currently earned €1 of €5,000) 0% funded 1 12-07 #bling
SHOOTERZ Hockey Card Game Fast-paced 2-player hockey game with cards. A very 'cool' game! (Has currently earned $772 of $500) 154% funded 33 $23 CAD 11-27
Sigma Event 2177 Relaunch 15mm Sci-Fi miniatures and Starter set. Starter Set contains 24 minis and the rules for up to two players to dive right into combat! (Has currently earned $4,666 of $5,000) 93% funded 68 $69 12-11 #minis
SolarQuest: The Space-Age Real Estate Game, Deluxe Edition New Deluxe Edition of the classic board game SolarQuest, with enhanced gameplay, magnetic fuel card, 8 player capability, and more. (Has currently earned $1,850 of $10,000) 18% funded 46 $40 12-25 #reprint bgg
Student Life: The Game Think... 'Cards Against Humanity' that revolves around life at Uni, with forfeits written by the players. What more could you ask for? (Has currently earned £301 of £10,000) 3% funded 15 £20 12-22 #first
Tables Board Game Spot - A Las Vegas tabletop cafe & bar Part bar, part cafe, and part game store, Tables Board Game Spot is the BEST place to socialize and play games in Las Vegas! (Has currently earned $525 of $10,000) 5% funded 5 $105 12-12 #cafe
The FLUME - Dice Tower - Dice Case - Hardwood RNG Solution Not like any other dice tower, The FLUME is an amusement park ride for your dice. Making random rolls quick and easy. Hardwoods. (Has currently earned $4,618 of $1,000) 461% funded 65 $71 12-08 #bling
The hidden strategic bluffing game A game concept that mix all what the most popular strategic board games got like hidden tactics, bluffing, risks.... just check it up (Has currently earned $105 of $8,888) 1% funded 2 $53 CAD 12-19 #first
The WitchBorn: Enter Perdition Join us for an evolution in gaming including Reaper® Bones minis, printed rules, and accessories for 2-6 players (Has currently earned $8,411 of $22,500) 37% funded 27 $312 12-05 #expansion base game
TRBO: The Rival Bikers Overdrive! TRBO is a fast and frantic board game of wild bikers participating in a race with no rules and a lot of chaos! (Has currently earned $4,496 of $55,000) 8% funded 105 $43 12-13
Way of the Fighter Way of the Fighter is an expandable card and dice game born of classic arcade-style fighting games. (Has currently earned $21,240 of $30,000) 70% funded 362 $59 11-30
Looking for more comprehensive Kickstarter gaming information? Check out the meta listings on BGG, explore Kicktraq's data-driven views, or, of course, Kickstater's Tabletop Category.

Footnotes

  • #hmm means that something about the project seems a little off. Buyer beware kinda thing.
  • #lolwut is reserved for projects that seem like trainwrecks. Check 'em out for amusement.
  • #take tags are for projects that have been restarted for some reason, with the number indicating what iteration we're currently on.
  • #first attempts to highlight those who seem to be using Kickstarter to get their first game off the ground, so you can tell the difference between the Days of Wonders and the designers next door.
  • Did I miss something? Particularly stuff that might go in the Comments column? Let me know and I'll add it in.
submitted by Zelbinian to boardgames [link] [comments]

Monero Subreddit Stats from last year.

Submissions Comments
Total 994 49530
Rate (per day) 2.73 135.74
Unique Redditors 582 8080
Combined Score 161184 231580

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 5300 points, 33 submissions: dEBRUYNE_1
    1. Monero GUI 0.12.0.0 "Lithium Luna" Megathread - Download links, instructions for upgrading, guide on how to get started, and guides to resolve common issues (missing a transaction / zero balance, freezing / buggy GUI, transaction stuck as pending, and GUI using all bandwidth) (386 points, 833 comments)
    2. [Reminder] monero is not the appropriate place to discuss the BTC/BCH debate (319 points, 73 comments)
    3. General information regarding the upcoming scheduled network upgrade and a call for community action (305 points, 223 comments)
    4. GUI v0.12.2.0 released! (299 points, 243 comments)
    5. Announcement - Proof-of-Work tweak and a note on key reuse (295 points, 250 comments)
    6. GUI v0.12.3.0 (with direct Ledger support) released! (280 points, 386 comments)
    7. Bitfinex reduces Monero withdrawal fees from 0.04 to 0.0001 XMR! (272 points, 9 comments)
    8. Poloniex also reduces Monero withdrawal fees to 0.0001 XMR! (220 points, 17 comments)
    9. Preliminary information thread regarding the scheduled protocol upgrade of October 18 (214 points, 208 comments)
    10. CLI v0.12.3.0 released! (195 points, 78 comments)
  2. 4228 points, 24 submissions: OsrsNeedsF2P
    1. Saying you don't need privacy because you have nothing to hide is like saying you don't need free speech because you have nothing to say. It's a right to everyone - It's a right to you, me, and even Mark Zuckerberg. (581 points, 138 comments)
    2. The official Fortnite Merch Store is accepting exclusively Monero as a cryptocurrency payment option... (445 points, 80 comments)
    3. Can we stop being assholes to newbies? (359 points, 94 comments)
    4. With all this Monero "is less untraceable than previously thought" FUD, let's all remember that huge fucking bounty of $$$ for anyone who can trace the origin of one of the devs transactions.. (343 points, 131 comments)
    5. Ever wanted to know how Monero is still around today? Well now you don't have to! This post has it all =D (297 points, 66 comments)
    6. Coinmarketcap shows Freewallet as a Monero wallet. Guys, whatever you do.. Don't use Freewallet. It's a scam. (286 points, 93 comments)
    7. SEC wants decentralized exchange creators to register as exchanges. Lol (182 points, 111 comments)
    8. "Please do your part in demanding exchanges to lower their XMR withdraw fee. I am submitting a complaint to Coinex who currently charge 0.04 XMR" - [x-post from /xmrtrader] (169 points, 43 comments)
    9. Can we get some appreciation for the people who maintain the Monero packages on Arch Linux? There are so many available, and every single one I've checked either make the package from source or validate the checksum. Amazing work <3 (156 points, 19 comments)
    10. [WARNING] DROPIL recently made a post announcing support for Monero. MOVE YOUR FUNDS if you used them!!! (119 points, 5 comments)
  3. 3954 points, 13 submissions: KnifeOfPi2
    1. Did John McAfee just sell all of his Monero?? (1277 points, 107 comments)
    2. We need to stop thinking about Monero as a “privacy coin.” (511 points, 200 comments)
    3. Selsta and I just completed the first Ledger-to-Ledger mainnet transactions ever. He sent me 0.1 XMR and I sent 0.4 XMR back. (482 points, 103 comments)
    4. Monero network hashrate just hit 1GH/s! (463 points, 166 comments)
    5. An upcoming Monero project: Render the entire blockchain. Here's a selection of blocks that we've done so far, in an early stage. (224 points, 31 comments)
    6. In Stunning Move, Bitmain Announces It's Launching A Doorstopper Business (193 points, 48 comments)
    7. Another red flag for X Wallet: The source code is incomplete. (190 points, 63 comments)
    8. MONERO IS DEAD! LONG LIVE MONERO! (155 points, 25 comments)
    9. Lithium Luna GUI released! (118 points, 66 comments)
    10. Cake Wallet - introducing Zendesk support! (100 points, 13 comments)
  4. 2421 points, 22 submissions: SamsungGalaxyPlayer
    1. Kasisto POS in 22 seconds (366 points, 76 comments)
    2. "Kudelski Security completed their [bulletproof] report. They found only a few minor issues that are trivial to correct, and no major issues." Overall, a huge win for Monero, bulletproofs, and privacy. Full report will be published soon. (338 points, 100 comments)
    3. Network upgrade scheduled for block 1544555 on 28 March (210 points, 56 comments)
    4. Fungibility is determined by the LOWEST common denominator of privacy, NOT the highest. Monero absolutely excels here. (103 points, 37 comments)
    5. [Discussion] Move to a Fixed Ringsize (102 points, 85 comments)
    6. The Monero Malware Response workgroup website is up! Direct people whose machines have been compromised here! (101 points, 22 comments)
    7. MoneroV: A Trap Laid for Monero Users? (93 points, 45 comments)
    8. Want to get the GUI point release faster? Help translate! (91 points, 18 comments)
    9. Introducing the Breaking Monero Series! (86 points, 26 comments)
    10. ShapeShift is moving to a membership model and will require personal information soon (83 points, 86 comments)
  5. 2295 points, 16 submissions: pinkphloid
    1. Cake Wallet - OPEN SOURCE - Here it is! (383 points, 167 comments)
    2. Our Monero wallet called CAKEWALLET for iOS is live! Please check the link to the Apple App Store below. (347 points, 379 comments)
    3. [MANDATORY UPDATE] Cake Wallet Version 3.0.9 - Network Upgrade Ready! (227 points, 19 comments)
    4. [UPDATE] Cake Wallet version 3.1.4, now with XMR.TO for exchanging XMR to BTC! (133 points, 15 comments)
    5. Cake Wallet - 10,000 unique downloads! (132 points, 29 comments)
    6. Thank for the positive feedback on Cake Wallet! (127 points, 62 comments)
    7. The new Cake Wallet Update version 3.0.1 is out now! (120 points, 50 comments)
    8. [UPDATE] CAKE WALLET 3.1.1 with Monero v0.13.0.4 and other stuff (118 points, 32 comments)
    9. Cake Wallet - UPDATE! (108 points, 75 comments)
    10. CAKE WALLET - new version live now with NEW FEATURES! (102 points, 97 comments)
  6. 2042 points, 16 submissions: Rehrar
    1. Core Team Announcement (344 points, 45 comments)
    2. Project FOSS (212 points, 37 comments)
    3. Write down your seed (200 points, 93 comments)
    4. Bulletproof audit needs some more funding. Details in the comments. (170 points, 55 comments)
    5. Extremely thorough introduction to Monero by cypherperro. Take a look. (122 points, 18 comments)
    6. Defcon Monero Village Update and Summary (116 points, 22 comments)
    7. MRL Bulletproof audit FFS request (115 points, 30 comments)
    8. I, rehrar,went on a YouTube show to talk about Morono (113 points, 28 comments)
    9. Fund the fundings! (107 points, 16 comments)
    10. The anonimal appreciation thread! (107 points, 21 comments)
  7. 1978 points, 15 submissions: Vespco
    1. Edward Snowden on Bitcoin Interview 2018 (at 50 minutes, he says that a traceable public ledger is a bigger problem then scalability) (362 points, 88 comments)
    2. Putting this on my invoices seems like a good way for me to promote Monero, give my customers a discount, & help me acquire more Monero. (325 points, 101 comments)
    3. It's fun to be a part of the Monero economy! (179 points, 26 comments)
    4. Honest Government Ad | Anti Encryption Law (178 points, 32 comments)
    5. Jeez, not much real conversation in here. Just junky news links. (129 points, 76 comments)
    6. The New York State Department of Financial Services just approved the trading of privacy-protecting cryptocurrency. | Coin Center (124 points, 11 comments)
    7. A good way to explain the importance of fungibility to the laymen: Bitcoin Roulette (99 points, 45 comments)
    8. Why I love Botnet & Browser Mining. (86 points, 39 comments)
    9. This needs more praise & attention: An Open Source, Client Side JS implementation that makes monero multisig fairly easy. Github link in comments. (82 points, 14 comments)
    10. Could we get even more cryptographers researching for Monero? (77 points, 31 comments)
  8. 1846 points, 14 submissions: SarangNoether
    1. Bulletproofs: let's raise some funds! (295 points, 94 comments)
    2. January monthly report from Sarang Noether (237 points, 39 comments)
    3. Bulletproofs: The Paper Strikes Back (153 points, 32 comments)
    4. July monthly report from Sarang Noether (142 points, 20 comments)
    5. March monthly report from Sarang Noether (129 points, 22 comments)
    6. August monthly report from Sarang Noether (122 points, 33 comments)
    7. February monthly report from Sarang Noether (119 points, 27 comments)
    8. Sarang is up for three more months! (107 points, 30 comments)
    9. October monthly report from Sarang Noether (102 points, 26 comments)
    10. September monthly report from Sarang Noether (99 points, 25 comments)
  9. 1470 points, 4 submissions: TheFuzzStone
    1. "I do not have any Bitcoin" (1182 points, 96 comments)
    2. Fluffypony at Consensus 2018 (134 points, 33 comments)
    3. Time for Monero "killers"! :-) (91 points, 34 comments)
    4. XMR.RU-report (March) (63 points, 14 comments)
  10. 1468 points, 5 submissions: philkode
    1. Overstock.com accepting Monero (and ETH, BCH, LTC, DASH) (499 points, 36 comments)
    2. Happy 4th Birthday Monero! 🎂🎉🎁 (455 points, 62 comments)
    3. Monero has been added to Debian unstable repo as of yesterday. (321 points, 52 comments)
    4. “Unhackable” BitFi wallet just got hacked (xpost /cryptocurrency) (130 points, 41 comments)
    5. X Wallet to App Store (Soon™) (63 points, 67 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. dEBRUYNE_1 (3762 points, 1243 comments)
  2. KnifeOfPi2 (3311 points, 347 comments)
  3. OsrsNeedsF2P (3189 points, 505 comments)
  4. fluffyponyza (3027 points, 272 comments)
  5. gingeropolous (2554 points, 320 comments)
  6. cryptochangements34 (2522 points, 261 comments)
  7. SarangNoether (2269 points, 185 comments)
  8. SamsungGalaxyPlayer (2108 points, 221 comments)
  9. john_alan (1993 points, 218 comments)
  10. smooth_xmr (1944 points, 279 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Did John McAfee just sell all of his Monero?? by KnifeOfPi2 (1277 points, 107 comments)
  2. Paypal shares your personal data with over 600 companies! That's why we need Monero! by 0xf3e (1184 points, 146 comments)
  3. "I do not have any Bitcoin" by TheFuzzStone (1182 points, 96 comments)
  4. Found In Warsaw - Don't Buy Monero: Cryptocurrencies harm the banking system and can weaken the government by SecretApe (1114 points, 110 comments)
  5. Monero transactions are about to get 80% cheaper and faster. by WillMTB (1056 points, 120 comments)
  6. Bye bye ASICs by Swericor (874 points, 380 comments)
  7. Upvote if you would like to see @fluffyponyza as a guest on Joe Rogan Podcast by xmr_karnal (840 points, 44 comments)
  8. All right, my cat had kittens and I just realised one of them has Monero-like logo on its head 😂😂 by JNKO266 (817 points, 79 comments)
  9. Credit, where credit is due! by Experts-say (796 points, 53 comments)
  10. Yesterday I thought it might be fun to create some vintage crypto posters for a handful of coins. This was the first one I came up with. Bonus points if you spot similarities from an old movie by Beemoe4 (722 points, 67 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 495 points: mr670wl's comment in Found In Warsaw - Don't Buy Monero: Cryptocurrencies harm the banking system and can weaken the government
  2. 474 points: kieranc001's comment in Monero Zero looks like a scam, can you please confirm?
  3. 380 points: deleted's comment in Found In Warsaw - Don't Buy Monero: Cryptocurrencies harm the banking system and can weaken the government
  4. 356 points: deleted's comment in Ledger Hardware Wallet - Monero integration : some news #6
  5. 331 points: last_of_the_romans's comment in Monero transactions are about to get 80% cheaper and faster.
  6. 323 points: svenroy777's comment in "I do not have any Bitcoin"
  7. 311 points: deleted's comment in Did John McAfee just sell all of his Monero??
  8. 255 points: KnifeOfPi2's comment in Monero transactions are about to get 80% cheaper and faster.
  9. 237 points: live9free1or1die's comment in Banning privacy coins because of terrorism/drugs/laundering is like banning people from being allowed to have sex in privacy because pedophiles also like privacy.
  10. 203 points: fluffyponyza's comment in Botnets are Ruining the Integrity of the Monero Network
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
Inspired by a post I found on /Pivx by turtleflax.
submitted by OsrsNeedsF2P to Monero [link] [comments]

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